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# Calculating the Rate Constant for the Lodination of Acetone

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The following data were acquired in an iodination experiment involving acetone.
Trial Volume of 0.0010
( ) Volume of 0.050
( ) Volume of 1.0 acetone
( ) Volume of water
( ) Temperature
( ) Reaction time
( )
A 5.0 10.0 10.0 25.0 25.0 130
B 10.0 10.0 10.0 20.0 25.0 249
C 10.0 20.0 10.0 10.0 25.0 128
D 10.0 10.0 20.0 10.0 25.0 131
E 10.0 10.0 10.0 20.0 42.4 38

The rate = k [I2]-1[H+]1[CH3COCH3]1
What is the rate constant at 25.0 based on the data collected for trial B? Assume that the relative rate is equal to the actual rate in molar per second.

This is the information I used.
HCl = 0.05 M
I2 = 0.001 M
Acetone = 1 M
Rate = (based on acetone since highest molarity) 1/249 = 0.004 M -1
So from rate = [Is]-1[HCl]1[Acetone]1
0.004 = k[0.001]-1[0.05]1[1]1
k = 8*10-5

Also tried .001/249 and it was wrong.

I worked this problem and got 8*10-5 and was told I was incorrect. The message said -" You may have used the initial concentrations of the species. Instead, you have to calculate the new concentration after the components are mixed together using M1V1=M2V2.

Please include an explanation.

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https://brainmass.com/chemistry/chemical-kinetics/calculating-rate-constant-lodination-acetone-235465

#### Solution Summary

This solution explains how to calculate the rate constant for the iodination reaction of acetone based on experimental data. First, new concentrations of each reactant are found. After this, the rate is calculated and then finally the rate constant is found based on this.

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