1) WHY IS GLOBALISATION ESSENTIALLY A BAD THING? COVER THE VARIOUS ISSUES RAISED BY ANTI-GLOBALISATION MOVEMENTS & ALSO INCLUDE A FEW COUNTER-POINTS AS TO WHY GLOBALISATION COULD BE PERCEIVED TO BE GOOD.
Anti globalization is argued from several points of view, the environmental aspects of globalization, human rights, nationalism (mostly economics), and heterogeneous. Allowing that many of the groups that anti globalization are single focus groups, the different groups do band together to create interest in their causes. The recent WTO meetings are proof of groups with individual ideological foundations coming together to oppose free trade and the globalization of the world.
The first would be the opposition to multinational corporations who are capable of moving between countries and resources, assets and human labor. This movement can ruin the natural resources on a state and leave the locals to reap the outcome of lost resources. Some corporations will place manufacturing in places close to resources and cause environmental havoc with the area. Countries welcome the taxes and capital investment to improve economies and provide work for citizens. But many of those same citizens find themselves without work if they demand fair wages. The company can just move to another market where they have facilities and begin again.
International banks also fall under this opposition because they support the capital investment of MNC's without requiring them to show they are respecting the human element and protecting natural resources. Also, these same banks may agree to finance capital projects for nation-states with strict guidelines about improving the economy and often in the view of the borrowing government, creating more problems for the economy. (find the rules of the World Bank for lending money to a country. There will be rules about government accounting and transparency, economic issues such as inflation rates and exchange rates.)
Anti global movement would concern human rights. There are those who oppose the giant corporations spreading their operations to nations that desperately need to grow economies and then create circumstances that do not meet the needs. Low pay, long hours, child labor are all focuses of this movement. Many companies, such as Walmart have been targeted for unsafe and unfair labor practices. Hiring people to do work at the most minimum pay is helping people survive in many countries, but offers no opportunity to improve and they do not receive enough pay to improve their living conditions. Companies also do nothing to improve the living conditions of their workers or the regions they live. (Haiti and Walmart is a good example to put in here)
Another area of discontent is the places where MNC's set up facilities are often ...
Discussion of some of the anti global rhetoric, reasons, and why they can be incorrect.