For the sake of efficiency and lower costs, Premium Standard Farms of Princeton, Missouri, has turned pig production into a standardized product-focused process. Slaughterhouses have done this for a hundred years--but after the animal was dead. Doing it while the animal is alive is a relatively recent innovation. Here is how it works.
Impregnated female sows wait for 40 days in metal stalls so small that they cannot turn around. After an ultrasound test, they wait 67 days in a similar stall until they give birth. Two weeks after delivering 10 or 11 piglets, the sows are moved back to breeding rooms for another cycle. After 3 years, the sow is slaughtered. Animal-welfare advocates say such confinement drives pigs crazy. Premium Standard replies that its hogs are in fact comfortable, arguing that only 1% die before Premium Standard wants them to.
Discuss the productivity and ethical implications of this industry and you are welcome to form your own opinions.
A manufacturer of precision machine parts produces round shaft for use in the construction of drill presses. The average diameter of a shaft is .56 inch. Inspection samples contain 6 shafts each. The average range of these samples is .006 inch. Determine the upper and lower x-bar control chart limit.
Hint: You need to find the formula for calculating control chart limit.
This solution provides detailed explanations and calculations for questions regarding productivity and ethical implications surrounding productivity in organizations.