Share
Explore BrainMass

Employee Motivation Theories

Although it may seem fairly obvious that receiving praise and recognition from one's company is a motivating experience, it is sad that many companies are failing miserably when it comes to saying thanks to their employees. According to Curt Coffman, global practice leader at Gallup, 71 percent of US workers are "disengaged," essentially meaning that they couldn't care less about their organization. Coffman states, "We're operating at one-quarter of the capacity in terms of managing human capital. It's alarming." Employee recognition programs, which became more popular as the US economy shifted from industrial to knowledge based, can be an effective way to motivate employees and make them feel valued. In many cases, however, recognition programs are doing "more harm than good," according to Coffman.

Consider Ko, a 50-year-old former employee of a dotcom in California. Her company proudly instituted a rewards program designed to motivate employees. What were the rewards for a job well done? Employees would receive a badge that read "U Done Good" and, each year, would receive a T-shirt as a means of annual recognition. Once an employee received 10 "U Done Good" badges, he or she could trade them in for something bigger and better—a paperweight. Ko states that she would have preferred a raise. "It was patronizing. There wasn't any deep thought involved in any of this." To make matters worse, she says, the badges were handed out arbitrarily and were not tied to performance. And what about those T-shirts? Ko states that the company instilled a strict dress code, so employees couldn't even wear the shirts if they wanted to do so. Needless to say, the employee recognition program seemed like an empty gesture rather than a motivator.

Even programs that provide employees with more expensive rewards can backfire, especially if the rewards are given insincerely. Eric Lange, an employee of a trucking company, recalls a time when one of the company's vice presidents achieved a major financial goal for the company. The vice president, who worked in an office next to Lange, received a Cadillac Seville as his company car and a new Rolex wristwatch that cost the company $10,000. Both were lavish gifts, but the way they were distributed left a sour taste in the vice president's mouth. He entered his office to find the Rolex in a cheap cardboard box sitting on his desk, along with a brief letter explaining that he would be receiving a 1099 tax form so he could pay taxes on the watch. Lange states of the vice president, "He came into my office, which was right next door, and said, 'Can you believe this?'" A mere 2 months later, the vice president pawned the watch. Lange explains, "It had absolutely no meaning for him."

Such experiences resonate with employees who may find more value in a sincere pat on the back than in gifts from management that either are meaningless or aren't conveyed with respect or sincerity. However, sincere pats on the back may be hard to come by. A Gallup poll found that 61 percent of employees stated that they hadn't received a sincere thank-you from management in the past year. Findings such as these are troubling, as verbal rewards are not only inexpensive for companies to hand out but also quick and easy to distribute. Of course, verbal rewards do need to be paired sometimes with tangible benefits that employees value—after all, money talks. In addition, when praising employees for a job well done, managers need to ensure that the praise is given in conjunction with the specific accomplishment. In this way, employees may not only feel valued by their organization but will also know what actions to take to be rewarded in the future.

Employee Motivation

Select any four of the following motivation theories you read about this week:
•Self Determination Theory
•Goal Setting Theory
•Self-Efficacy Theory
•Equity Theory/Organizational Justice
•Employee Involvement
•Job Design

Based on the above reading and the knowledge gained from your assigned readings, write a paper that describes how you would use each theory to motivate your employees. Be very detailed and support what you say with research.

Support your responses with examples.

Cite any sources in APA format.

Solution Preview

Greetings,

Hope you are well.

--Select any four of the following motivation theories you read about this week. Based on the above reading and the knowledge gained from your assigned readings, write a paper that describes how you would use each theory to motivate your employees. Be very detailed and support what you say with research.

Consider the role in job motivation is in applying strategic applications of actions that directly influence and inspire employees to feeling satisfied in working towards a common goal. For most, the motivational factors are in the understanding to the employee in learning newer skills, conducting excellence in production while enjoying the job position at the same time. Thus, the motivation theories have important aspect for business senior level management and HR managers to adapt accordingly within the organization to reaching the desired results: motivated employees, highly productive employees output, the desire by employees in learning newer skill sets and knowledge that increases the human capital value.

Try and identify the main objective in any motivation theory concept on the basis to identifying the core intrinsic and extrinsic interests of employees aligned with the business objectives. By doing so, the outcome is more productive in applying the proper motivation theory accordingly to empower.

•Self Determination Theory (SDT)

The main objective in SDT is in supporting intrinsic concerns for a healthy co-existing within the workplace. The SDT is in the framework in human needs for individuals to relate more sufficiently with others. In the case example, the both employees at different companies clearly state the lack ...

Solution Summary

The review into employee motivation in using key motivational theories to positively impact the staff.

$2.19