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Capital structure calculations

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Capital Structure

1 The corporate treasurer of Ajax Company expects the company to grow at 4% in the future, and debt securities
at 6% interest (tax rate = 30%) to be a cheaper option to finance the growth. The current market price per share
of its common stock is \$39, and the expected dividend in one year is \$1.50 per share. Calculate the cost of the company's
retained earnings and check if the treasurer's assumption is correct.

2 The risk-free rate on 10-year U.S. Treasury bills is 3% and the expected rate of return on the overall stock market is 11%.
The company has a beta of 1.6. What is the cost of equity?

3 A company has a capital structure as follows:
Total Assets \$600,000
Debt \$300,000
Preferred Stock \$100,000
Common Equity \$200,000
What would be the minimum expected return from a new capital investment project to satisfy the suppliers of the capital?
Assume the applicable tax rate is 40%, interest on debt is 11%, flotation cost per share of preferred stock is \$0.75, and
flotation cost per share of common stock is \$4. The preferred and common stocks are selling in the market for \$26 and \$143
a share respectively, and they are expected to pay a dividend of \$2 and \$7, repectively, in one year. The company's dividends
are expected to grow at 13% per year. The firm would like to maintain the existing capital structure to finance the new
project.

4 Required rate of return is 10%.
Net Cash Flow
Year Project A Project B
0 -\$2,000 -\$2,500
1 \$900 \$1,500
2 \$1,100 \$1,300
3 \$1,300 \$800

a) Calculate the payback period for each project.

b) Calculate the net present value for each project.

c) Which project do you think will be approved, if only one project can be approved? Why?

d) What if the required rate of return was 20%?

5 A corporate bond has a face value of \$1,000 and an annual coupon interest rate of 7%. Interest is paid annually.
10 years of the life of the bond remain. The current market price of the bond is \$872. To the nearest whole percent,
what is the yield to maturity (YTM) of the bond today?

6 Ajax Manufacturing is expected to pay a dividend of \$8 per share next year.  The dividend growth rate is expected to continue to be 3%.
Required rate of return is 14%.
a) What should be the current market price per share?

b) What is the annual rate of return if you purchase the stock at \$65?

7 A common stock sells for \$82 per share, has a growth rate of 7% and a dividend that was just paid of \$3.82. What is the
annual percent yield per share?
D0 = \$3.82 and therefore D1 = \$3.82 x 1.07 = \$4.09

8 A corporate bond has a face value of \$1,000 and an annual coupon interest rate of 6%. Interest is paid annually.
12 years of the life of the bond remain. The current market price of the bond is \$1,027, and it will mature at \$1,100.
To the nearest whole percent, what is the yield to maturity (YTM) of the bond today?

\$2.19

Optimal Capital Structure for Company B: Calculate the WACC

Company B has a optimal capital structure with the following sources/target market ratios:

SOURCE OF CAPITAL Target Market Ratios
long term debt 30%
preferred stock 5%
commonn stock equity 65%

Debt: The firm can sell a 15 year, \$1,500 par value, 10 percent bond for \$1,300
A flotation cost of 2% of the face value would be required in addition to the
discount of \$200

Preferred Stock: The firm issues stock at \$70 per share par value. The stock will
pay a \$7.00 annual dividend. The cost of issuing and selling
the stock is \$4 per share

Common Stock: Common Stock is currently selling for \$40 per share. The
expected dividend to be paid at the end of the year is \$4.56.
The dividend 5 years ago was \$2.34 and has been growing at a
constant rate ever since. It is expected that to sell, a new
common stock issue must be underpriced at \$1.10 per share
and the firm must pay \$1.10 per share in flotation costs. The
firm has a marginal tax rate of 35%

The firm has used up all of it's retained earnings. Calculate the firm's weighted average cost of capital

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