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    In Groups and Out Groups and leadership

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    You have been invited by the human resources manager of a medium-sized company to prepare a "report" on "In Groups and Out Groups." The report will be distributed to departmental VPs and directors.

    In the report you should:

    Introduce the concepts of In and Out groups.

    Describe a situation where you (or someone you know) were a member of the "In group" and another situation where you (or someone you know) were a member of the "Out group." This should be an example from your own business experience.

    Analyze and explain the major differences between the two situations.

    Explain how having an in-group and an out-group affected the groups and the organization

    To what extent was membership in either the in-group or the out-group based on task related performance factors? What non-task related factors entered into the decision?

    Describe the implications for leadership and a leader's relationship with followers.

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    Solution Preview

    http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/a_group.htm

    http://www.teamtechnology.co.uk/soft-skills/project-management-training-part13.html

    These two websites have some of the best intuitive and explanatory information about in and out groups. I have also provided the following information in answer to the questions including my personal experience with in/out groups. You may want to add your own example and add information from your class work and texts.

    In groups are those who are leaders in the workplace, popular and knowledgeable. The out group is the people who are not in the first group by choice or because they are not popular or have limited skills and knowledge. They may also, unfortunately, not be part of the accepted ethnicities or race. Out groups are the ones who work quietly and without a lot of interaction with leadership. In groups are often seen as more dynamic and called upon by management to help with idea creation and problem solving or to be a part of a team.

    I worked a small college where there were two executives, a dean, three department or associate deans, and several people who doubled as instructors and department heads. There was a librarian, a financial aid department with three employees, admissions department with four or five employees, and a single computer guru. Additionally there were seventeen instructors who were regularly teaching and five limited class instructors (teaching only a single class during a term). Four people were administrative assistants and there were student workers as well.
    One could consider two groups "in groups." These two groups included some of the same people, but there was one group during the day and one group during the evening. Members of the groups were instructors, administrative assistants, one from financial aid, two from admissions, and one dean. The librarian was a member of both groups. The financial aid worker was not a member of the evening group, as much due to her work hours ending at five, as for any other reason. The administrative assistants were usually the best-known members and ...

    Solution Summary

    A discussion with websites to visit that explain in groups and out groups and their place in an organization along with the ways leadership can access and use them in the organization.

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