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    In and Out groups

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    Leader-member Exchange Model

    I have been invited by the human resources manager of a medium-sized company to prepare a "report" on "In Groups and Out Groups." The report will be distributed to departmental VPs and directors.

    In the report I need to:

    1. Introduce the concepts of In and Out groups.

    2. Describe a situation where you (or someone you know) were a member of the "In group" and another situation where you (or someone you know) were a member of the "Out group." This should be an example from your own or a known business experience.

    3. Analyze and explain the major differences between the two situations

    4. Explain how having an in-group and an out-group affected the groups and the organization

    5. To what extent was membership in either the in-group or the out-group based on task related performance factors? What non-task related factors entered into the decision?

    6. Describe the implications for leadership and a leader's relationship with followers

    OBJECTIVE: The Objective of this project will include the following:

    1. Describe the role of relationship development and management in effective leadership and use the concepts in improving leadership effectiveness.

    2. Analyze the various leader, follower, cultural, and situational characteristics that contribute to leadership.

    3. Use effective communication techniques.

    4. Apply critical thinking skills to analyze business situations.

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    https://brainmass.com/business/business-philosophy-and-ethics/in-and-out-groups-449188

    Solution Preview

    1. Introduce the concepts of In and Out groups.

    The in-groups are social groups to which an individual feels as if she belongs as a member, on the other hand the out-groups are those groups to which the members feel that they distaste or they have a need to compete against. There is an in-group bias when people feel because these individuals have positive attitudes towards the in-group. One group is separated from another group. In case of an out-group there are negative feelings towards that group. Examples of out-groups are racism or hatred towards people of certain religion.

    2. Describe a situation where you (or someone you know) were a member of the "In group" and another situation where you (or someone you know) were a member of the "Out group." This should be an example from your own or a known business experience.

    The situation when I was a member of a production work-team. We were called "C Team", our team had won several prestigious awards and member of any other team was an out group. The C team members actually wore the letter C on their uniform and felt that every member of the C team was special and was efficient. We used to have negative attitudes towards the members of the other teams.

    A situation when I was a member of the out-group was when I was working in the operations department of a family run business. I felt that I was discriminated against because of my religion. My religion was different from that of the owners. They delayed my ...

    Solution Summary

    This explanation provides you a comprehensive argument relating to In and Out groups

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