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Importance of Employment Laws & Whistle-blower.

I need assistance ASAP with the below question, please.

In your own words, explain why employment laws are important. Specifically, the whistle-blowing law and the FMLA law (family medical leave act).: they are based on the rulings of the Industrial courts, Federal and or state tribunals setting out minimum terms and conditions of employment.

Normally they set out laws and rules relating to:-

Recruitment and selection;
Potential discriminative Acts and Decisions:-
Human Right and Equal Opportunities Commission Act (EEO)
Racial Discrimination Act
Sex Discrimination Act
Disability Discrimination Act (ADA).
And others.
Job Advertisement;
Job Application;
Interview;
Occupational Health Safety requirements (OSHA);
Dismissal;
Potential Legal Action;
Rights of the employees;
Duties and obligations of the employers;
Disciplinary rules and regulations;
Rules regarding pension/compensation and retirement and Retrenchment.

The law was historically enacted in 1863 during Civil War to penalize manufacturers who supplied sawdust in place of gunpowder in Union Army supplies.

The law allows a whistleblower by assuming the role of the government and to seek damages on behalf of the government. It has been adopted by twenty states.

The amended title 5 US Code provides enhanced protections to such persons, particularly if they are federal employees against prohibited personnel practices and or for other purposes.

A very important timely needed law called the Corporate and Criminal Fraud Accountability Act was enacted in 2002, also known as Sarbanes - Oxley Act of 2002, to extend protection to employees of publicly traded corporations from retaliation for reporting alleged violations of any of rules or regulations of the SEC, or any provision of Federal Law relating to fraud against shareholders.

The US office of Special Counsel receives, analyses and evaluates the disclosures made by past or present federal employees.

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SOLUTION:

Why employment laws are important?

Employment Laws are important because they cover entire relationship between employees and employers right from the invitation of offers of application from the candidates to the day of the retirement and treatment during the working life of the employee by an employer. The laws ensure harmonious working relationship between the two.
There are laws in addition to enacted ones; and they are based on the rulings of the Industrial courts, Federal and or state tribunals setting out minimum terms and conditions of employment.

Normally they set out laws and rules relating to:-

Recruitment and selection;
Potential discriminative Acts and Decisions:-
Human Right and Equal Opportunities Commission Act (EEO)
Racial Discrimination Act
Sex Discrimination Act
Disability Discrimination Act (ADA),
and others.
Job Advertisement;
Job Application;
Interview;
Occupational Health Safety requirements (OSHA);
Dismissal;
Potential Legal Action;
Rights of the employees;
Duties and obligations of the employers;
Disciplinary rules and regulations;
Rules regarding pension, compensation and retirement and Retrenchment.

WHISTLEBLOWER LAW:

He is a person who blows the whistle about the ...

Solution Summary

The relationship between employer and employee is expected to be life long. In Japan an employee rarely changes his employment and the bond between the employer and employee is quite strong and so does the loyalty to one another.
It calls for defining of the laws, stressing the need for them, providing of leave and medical facilities and remedies for non-enforcement of them for protecting the employees. A well informed ethical employer would always avoid any flouting of the norms, rules and regulation.
However, if an employee notices that the employer is not adhering to the laws or any other irregularity taking place in the company he may whistle-blow it by bringing the same to the notice of appropriate authorities

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