The term Conventional knowledge or epistemology to describe all theories about knowledge from ancient times to today, except for the ancient sophists and today's postmodernists. For instance, Conventional epistemology accepts logic or pure reason, as the last word on any intelligent discussion, while postmodernists reject it as decisive (as they reject anything else as decisive or "absolutely reliable"). The Conventional epistemology of Rationalism is the first dq here:
Question: Does business or organizational world rely absolutely on reason and logic? What would happen, for instance, if you gave opposite statements, opposite instructions, or opposite assessments? Give example(s), either true or typical. Is it possible to rely and insist on being logical and consistent, while at the same time not being dogmatic in the ways that postmodernists criticize?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com July 17, 2018, 7:33 am ad1c9bdddf
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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
Reason, Logic & Postmodernism
Conventional epistemology is limited via the bounds of reason, of logic. The present standard that we put ideas and claims through is science - we validate via processes that allow us to check the 'truth' about a claim. The scientific process allows us, at least in the natural sciences, to establish 'laws' that have universal application. This however requires all the variables to be known, everything must be accounted for. Via this, for example, physicists, chemists, mathematicians and biologists can run tests and experiments to find out about the physical world, about how nature works. Epistemology seeks to interrogate the nature of knowledge, how it is acquired and what it is that we have so far acquired/known about our reality, our lives, and our world. From the time of Aristotle to the present, man has amassed a body of knowledge spanning varied disciplines and varied concerns. We have also come to know that while it is possible to acquire all variables in studies about the physical world, about nature, this is not so when we study ourselves, when we investigate society to find out how it works. The social sciences are different from the natural sciences in that it accepts that we can only acquire verisimilitic knowledge - truth in context. The social scientists have learned that it impossible to arrive at universal laws and theories about human beings and society. There is that subject-object problem ever-present - a social scientist cannot study himself and the world he moves in without bias, without coming into it from a particular perspective brought about by his socialization, his culture. All the variables in an open system like the social ...
The solution is a 1,247-word narrative that discusses epistemological concepts especially those that purport to establish the truth. Reason & logic is discussed in their application as standard basis for establishment of validity and truth in organizations like businesses. Postmodernist's criticism of this measure is also discussed especially the problem of logic application and consistency despite the inapplicability of the measure according to the needs of the situation. Postmodern thought is further enhanced via a sample application in a modern case to show that consistency and logic is still possible even as postmodern perspectives are applied. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing, references are listed for further expansion. Philosophies discussed include rationalism, modernism, post modernism and critical rationalism.