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From the perspective of managing employees, give an overview of Japan, its prevailing social,political and economic systems, as well as their various cultural orientations and differences.

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Laying off people is especially difficult in Japan, where cooperation between management and unions has been prized. The outplacement industry particularly well suited to the challenge, providing professional mediators to assist company managers in the thankless task of restructuring.
The cause of most outplacement requests in Japan isn't the lack of performance by the individual, but rather the lack of performance by the company. Thus companies feel a lot of responsibility towards employees being laid off and they want to make sure those employees can find another job as soon as possible. So the role of the HRM manager is not only to counsel the person about how to react to job loss, but also to help them find a new one quickly.
For many people, it is the first time since they graduated that they have had to look for a job. Indeed, for most of them it's even the first time that they have had to write a resume! So they're really ill-equipped. Otherwise quite competent people are thrown into a severe state of confusion when they discover they are going to be jobless.

In a situation that is possibly unique to Japan, companies normally decide the careers of their staff and "good" employees just follow along, doing what they're told to do. So these people really have no clue about what their value is going to be on the open market. Trying to help them assess their real market worth--which is sometimes a lot lower than the candidate's self-assessed worth--can be a real challenge.


If a manager is asked what characterizes Japanese society as a whole today, he can definitely say that it is the six grand reforms that are proposed in the political agenda and supported overwhelmingly by public opinion. People are watching to see what will be accomplished. The six reforms are budget reform, economic reform, financial reform, welfare reform, educational reform, and administrative reform. Prime Minister Hashimoto has publicly stated that achieving these reforms is his highest priority.
These reforms all relate to various aspects of government activity. They aim to review the relationship between government and the marketplace and to overhaul the structure of government. These reforms are also intended to reduce the work of government through deregulation, decentralization, privatization, and cuts in government spending as well as to reorganize the surviving government ...

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Argumentative Essay Over "Moral Instinct" by Steven Pinker

For the Portfolio Project you will apply your reasoning and critical thinking skills to write an argumentative essay that analyzes the classic editorial, "Moral Instinct," by Steven Pinker and published in The New York Times (2008): http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/13/magazine/13Psychology-t.html?pagewanted=all

This assignment requires you to develop a position either in favor or against the theory of moral instinct as well as analyze all elements of this article, demonstrating that you understand the concepts learned in the course. Your analysis of "Moral Instinct" is designed to reference additional sources and demonstrate your progress in developing and applying reasoning and critical thinking skills. Be sure to apply and cite concepts, terms, techniques, and theories from at least four credible outside sources.

In preparation for this project, you will complete the following Portfolio Project deliverables throughout the course:

•In Module 1, review the Portfolio Project description and grading rubric.
•In Modules 2 & 3, read "Moral Instincts" by Steven Pinker. Again, review the Portfolio Project description and rubric.
•In Module 4, provide in writing a 1-2 page statement of what position you are proposing to take regarding the Portfolio description. If you have questions about the assignment, please email your instructor.
•In Module 5, begin working on an outline for your final Portfolio Project based on your analysis of the essay on moral instinct. Review the Portfolio Project description and the Portfolio Project rubric available in the Course Information section of the course
•In Module 6, submit an outline for your Portfolio Project.
•In Module 7, begin drafting your final paper; contact your instructor for assistance.
To complete your project, organize your paper per the sections below using the principles of writing a sound argumentative essay.

1. Introduction—Hypothesis and overview of the essay (approximately 1 to 2 pages)
This section should focus on using clear, concise writing to introduce your argumentative position based on the "Moral Instinct" editorial.

•Your introductory hypothesis should demonstrate, in a brief statement, the logical, rational and strong reasoning skills applied in developing the premise of your essay.
•There should be a brief summary and overview of what to expect in the body of the paper.
2. Body—Argumentative platform and analysis of "Moral Instinct" (approximately 4 to 5 pages)
This section of your Portfolio Project should be compelling and persuasive. Use the following bulleted items as guidelines for the body of the essay (not necessarily in this order):

•You demonstrate understanding of the central thesis of the original editorial.
•You analyze and demonstrate how to dissect elements of the original editorial by using inductive or deductive reasoning. Discuss the logic (or lack thereof) of the argument put forth in the editorial by describing the distinction among types of reasoning and the specific claims.
•You are thoroughly able to identify and avoid fallacious information or other "dirty tricks" employed in rhetorical devices. What were the techniques used for persuading the reader? List all tactics (including "dirty tricks") by specifically identifying them.
•You list up to 10 rhetorical devices that were used in the editorial.
•You describe and analyze the use of bias and ethical thinking in the editorial.
•You separate valid arguments from other devices and misleading information.
•You describe how this editorial pertains or does not pertain to contemporary life.
•You present credible information to refute or support the thesis you are presenting. Identify and describe how the theoretical concepts and skills learned about critical thinking are or are not embodied in the editorial.
•Your position reflects your ability to think independently and make an informed judgment.
3. Recommendations—How the author of "Moral Instinct" could improve his reasoning (approximately 1 to 2 pages)
Provide any suggestions you would give to the author of "Moral Instinct" for improving his reasoning skills.

4. Conclusion—Critique and defend your position (approximately 1 to 2 pages)
Reflect on the position you took and prove a defense of the position. Also, critique your critical thinking and reasoning skills.

Then ask yourself, how and if your skills in evaluating information have changed. Your critique must include a self-analysis of your thinking skills after this 8-week course. You may wish to review what you wrote for the Module 1 Critical Thinking assignment.

Your essay is designed to assess your understanding of how to analyze information based on the principles of strong critical thinking, and write an argumentative essay that is logical, valid and credible.

The paper should cite at least three (3) outside sources, be 8-10 pages in length including a Reference page, and be formatted according to CSU-Global APA Guidelines. Refer to the Portfolio Project rubric for grading criteria.

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