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Introduction to Organizational Psychology

1. What is organizational psychology? How is it different from general psychology?

2. How has the Civil Rights Act 1964 and the American with Disabilities Act of 1991 affected organizational psychology?

3. If you were a manager of an organization, what would you expect from an organizational psychologist?

4. What does a practicing organizational psychologist do? How does this compare with what a research organizational psychologist does?

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1. What is organizational psychology? How is it different from general psychology?

General Psychology is an academic & applied discipline that straddles the social sciences (especially sociology) and the natural sciences (especially elements of psychology that focus on mental functions). Primarily as an academic discipline its aim is to study human (and animal) mental functions and behaviours by the scientific process. Those who study psychology as a theorist or one that applies its principle in practice is called a psychologist. The concerns in psychology are broad from behavioural and cognitive sciences to experimental, psychophysics and even sports psychology. Organizational psychology is among these concerns - in short, it is a 'sub-study' within the bigger discipline of General Psychology, a specialization of sorts. The theories and elements of psychology are applied in organization (and industrial giving this discipline the term I-O psychology, another name or referent to the practice) psychology to study mental functions and behaviour in the workplace. Organizational psychology studies the relationship of man and the structure, concept and mechanics of the workplace by applying or ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides brief but comprehensive answers to questions related to organizational psychology and its importance (see Long description/original problem for enumeration of questions). It discusses what organizational psychology is about and how it differs from general psychology, the affect of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to the practice of organizational psychology, expectations in terms of role and performance of an organizational psychologist from a managerial perspective as well as an explanation of the difference between a practicing organizational psychologist and a research organizational psychologist (roles, work, focus). The solution provides key web references for expansion of ideas presented in the solution. A word version is attached for easy printing.