The 2004 I/S and other information for Mallard Corp., which is about to purchase a new machine at a cost of $450 and a new computer system at a cost of $330, appears next.
Gross profit 300
Operating expenses 100
Income b/ taxes 200
Income taxes 80
Net income $120
- Two new assets are expected to generate a 20% annual rate of growth in the firm's sales.
- The firm will include the depreciation expense on the machine as part of COGS and the depreciation expense on the computer system as part of operating expenses.
- Excluding the depreciation on the new machine, the firm's COGS is expected to increase at an annual rate of 5%.
- Excluding the depreciation on the new computer system, the firm's operating expenses are expected to increase at an annual rate of 8%.
- Average total assets in 2004 were $900. Expected average gross total assets in 2005, 2006, & 2007 are $960, $1,080, & $1,050, respectively.
- Both the machine and the computer system have a three-year useful life and a zero salvage value.
- Assume an income tax rate of 30%.
a. Assume that the assets are purchased on January 1, 2005. Prepare pro forma income statements for 2005 through 2007 with the straight-line depreciation method for the new assets.
b. Repeat requirement a, assuming instead that the firm elects to use the sum-of-the-years' digits method.
c. For both requirements 1 & 2, calculate the firm's gross profit rate (gross profit divided by sales), NOPAT margin (net operating profit after tax divided by sales), and return on assets (NOPAT divided by total assets). How does the use of the different depreciation methods affect the behavior of the ratios over the period? Which method would management choose to maximize their personal wealth?
Pro forma income statements assuming new assets are purchased.