According to McGregor, Theory X leadership assumes the following:
Work is inherently distasteful to most people, and they will attempt to avoid work whenever possible.
Most people are not ambitious, have little desire for responsibility, and prefer to be directed.
Most people have little aptitude for creativity in solving organizational problems.
Motivation occurs only at the physiological and security levels of Maslow's Needs Heirarchy
Most people are self-centered. As a result, they must be closely controlled and often coerced to achieve organizational objectives
Most people resist change.
Most people are ...
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"The soft appoach, however, is to be permissive and seek harmony in the hopes that, in return, employees will..."