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    Campus Food Systems: Safe and healthy workplace

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    As part of a master's program in food services management, Cindy Breen has just begun her internship with Campus Food Systems (CFS). CFS is a self-operated university food service department at Cindy's alma mater, Gulfport State College. As a department, CFS reports directly to the vice president of administration, the office generally responsible for nonacademic matters co-funded by the school. Self-operated food service programs try to minimize loss rather than maximize profit. They are operated by employees of the institution, as opposed to contract operations run by professional management companies like Marriott Corporation and ARA Services, profit-making enterprises.

    CFS employs about 60 full-time employees. In addition, the staff is supplemented by almost 100 students who provide part-time labor. Thus approximately 160 employees, largely part time, are responsible for providing three distinct dining services to the Gulfport campus: Watkins Dining Hall (traditional cafeteria service for residents); Sea Breeze Café (fast-food service for students, faculty, staff, and guests); and Catering (a full range of catering services offered both on and off campus). A fourth function, Stores, orders, receives, inventories, and disburses food and nonfood supplies to the other three operations.
    Cindy knows that most self-operated food service programs are located at much larger universities. A small operation like CFS is always vulnerable to a takeover threat from large contractors like Marriott. Smaller schools are easy targets. Also, turnover in the administration makes the threat of a takeover stronger---and Gulfport has just changed presidents. President Sheila Dawes comes from a large university that used ARA to administer dining-room operations. Cindy's supervisor, Jake Platt, has told her that she must help him assure the new college president that CFS should remain self-operated.

    Cindy has been working at CFS for only two weeks, and Jake has just assigned her to manage the student help. Her responsibilities include interviewing, selecting, training, scheduling, and disciplining about 100 part-time employees. She also has been charged with preparing a report, Work Accidents in the Food Service Areas, for the previous calendar year. This report will be sent to President Dawes and the Human Resource Department and forwarded to both state and OSHA agencies to comply with state and federal safety and health legislation. Jake has told her to minimize the severity of the reported occupational illness and accident. He says that CFS can't afford to "inflate" these statistics. They might attract President Dawes's attention. Jake also hinted to Cindy that both her grade in the internship and a favorable job recommendation rest on how she handles the accident report. Some of the accidents Jake has asked her to minimize include the following:

    ? Bill Black, part-time employee, fractured and cut his right hand when a spring-loaded piston on a food cart snapped back and caught his hand between the cart and a heavy loading cart door. Cindy has learned that Bill's injury has resulted in a permanent partial disability of two fingers.
    ? Leslie Campbell, Ophrah Moses, Cici Potts, Winnie Chung, and George Wilson all cut their hands on the same meat slicer at different times. Each accident was caused when another employee failed to replace the knife guard after cleaning it.
    ? Winston Knapp received burns on his face, chest, legs, and stomach when hot water splashed out of the steamer into which he had lowered a tray of hot food.

    Jake has also asked Cindy to omit any accidents for which reports were not made to Human Resources at the time of the accident. So far, Cindy has documented 46 such incidents, ranging from a box falling on a student's head to severe cuts from broken glass and knives. But Jake has said not to worry: They were all student employees who used their parents' health insurance to cover medical expenses.

    Cindy is distressed by the number of accidents that have occurred during the previous calendar year at CFS. She has just reviewed data from the Bureau of labor Statistics for 1995 in her Restaurant Management class. Cindy knows that working in food service can be quite dangerous, but the number of accidents at CFS during the last year is about 20 percent more than in other, comparable small food service operations. In addition, she has found that many accidents were never reported to the state.

    Another problem with the incident reports Jake has supplied Cindy to compile her report is the fact that they fail to mention Rick James, a student employee who contracted a severe case of salmonella poisoning from handling diseased seafood. Rick has just returned from a three-month hospital stay. He had been so ill that he had become paralyzed and at first was not expected to live. He missed almost a whole semester of school. Since Rick's illness, CFS has forbidden student employees to handle raw seafood, but that rule has been frequently violated, owing to high absenteeism and turnover of full-time personnel.

    Cindy sits contemplating what her sense of values tells her to do next. She has jotted down her alternatives:

    1. Prepare the report as Jake has asked, with omissions.
    2. Prepare the report, but include the incident reports.
    3. Prepare the report including all incident reports, previously unreported accidents, and Rick's serious illness.
    4. Go to Fred White, CFS director and Jake's supervisor, and give him a complete report.
    5. Send the complete report directly to President Dawes.
    6. Call OSHA and ask for someone to inspect CFS.
    7. Leak the story to the student newspaper and the local press.

    Discussion Question

    What should Cindy do, and why? Frame your answer in terms of a safe and healthy workplace.

    The answer should cite references relied upon for the answer.

    Please note that (1) all references including in-text citation should be cited accoding to APA guidelines; and (2) one of the reference sources should be the book "Human resource management (eleventh edition)" wrote by John M. Ivancevich, published by McGraw-Hill/Irwin, New York in 2010.

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    Solution Preview

    Campus Food Systems:

    Cindy should send the complete report directly to President Dawes so that the rate of incidents reported can be reduced by the President finding out the causes of problems. Preparing the report with omissions would mean that the accidents might rise and could also lead to deaths. The responsibility to protect human life for some employers is not as important as other priorities and goals. A company may not pay attention to health and safety but may only focus on profits and productivity (Friend & Kohn, 2010).

    Managers may view the occurrence of injuries and illnesses as a routine part of the job while in reality the expense of providing a healthy and safe environment for workers may be lower than the amount of production required to cover costs associated with accidents in the workplace (Friend & Kohn, 2010).

    Safety professionals should advice management on the importance of making critical corrections for economic, legal and moral reasons and also monitor workplace conditions. Effective safety professionals should demonstrate that a healthy and safe working environment is the right thing to do for the company and the employees and not in the case of Jake who doesn't care about the safety of employees by encouraging omissions on the report (Friend & Kohn, 2010).

    Conducting audits and inspections may prevent fires or explosions that could destroy the entire building. Teaching employees how to deal with hazardous characteristics of a liquid that is flammable may save valuable property, lives of fellow workers and the employee's life. Governments worldwide require protection of ...

    Solution Summary

    The safe and health workplace is examined for Campus Food Systems.