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    Acme: Equity in Pay

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    In almost any organization there will be concerns about whether all employees are being paid "fairly". The term most widely associated with this issue is equity.

    What does equity theory tell us about compensation in an organization? How many different types of equity do we typically refer to?

    Emerging Trends in Benefits

    Benefits now average 33% to 50% of an organization's compensation costs; so it is important for the organization to ensure that the benefits are serving their purpose. For example, the design of the benefits package should make it easier to recruit and retain good workers. One of the critical challenges facing HR is choosing wisely among the available benefits. The benefits package should make sense in light of the organization's business strategy.

    More companies are offering flexible scheduling, childcare assistance and other work/family initiatives. Currently, over 68% of employers offer flexible scheduling arrangements and there is significant growth in the number of companies offering adoption, elder care and child care assistance benefits.

    Elder care is moving toward the forefront of worker concerns as our life spans increase. Many workers are members of what is called the "Sandwich Generation." These workers are caring for their children and, at the same time, for their parents who are living longer. One benefit that is increasingly available is Long Term Care. LTC has been available since 1987 and, with the passage of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, Congress provided LTC insurance with tax-favored status. LTC provides financial aid for workers and their dependents who need medical, personal, custodial and social services during long illnesses and disabilities.

    We are also seeing an increasing array of lifestyle-oriented benefits and services as a result of the growing diversity in the workforce. These include:

    - Retirement and Financial Planning
    - Estate and Will Planning
    - Legal Services
    - Loan Assistance for Home Purchases, College Tuition, Cars, Etc.
    - Ride-Share Incentives and/or Transportation Reimbursement
    - Vacation Planning and Time-Share Programs
    - Meals/Food Subsidies
    - Entertainment Discounts
    - Wellness Programs and Health Club Memberships.
    One of the newer issues, even with cafeteria benefit plans, is the idea that childless employees feel cheated by the company and their co-workers. In one survey, over 40% of the employees indicated that childless workers feel they're subsidizing health care and other benefits for employees with children. Childless workers often feel that options like flextime and telecommuting are most often used by employees with child care responsibility. Childless workers also report that they do not take as much time off as their co-workers who have children and that they are expected to work more overtime.

    Complete a Case Analysis using the following criteria (cite and list all references):

    - Identify both the key issues and the underlying issues. In identifying the issues, you should be able to connect them to the HR principles which apply to this situation. .
    - Discuss the facts which affect these issues. The case may have too much information. In your discussion, you should filter the information and discuss those facts which are pertinent to the issues identified above. .
    - Discuss your tentative solution to the problem and how you would implement your solution. What actions would you propose to correct the situation, based on the knowledge you have gained in this course? Be sure to support your recommendation by citing references in the text and in the supplementary readings. You should also draw on other references such as business periodicals and HR journals. Remember that an ANALYSIS is more than simply a SUMMARY of the Case Study. .
    - Discuss follow-up and contingency plans. How will the organization know that your proposed solution is working? What should they do if it does not work? .

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    Solution Preview

    In accordance with BrainMass standards, this is not a hand in ready analysis but background help.

    Step 1
    The equity theory tells us about job compensation that if the employee perceives inequity, she will act to correct the inequity. The inequity will be corrected through lower productivity, reduced quality, increased absenteeism, and voluntary resignation. There are four types of equity we typically refer to. The first is that individuals at Acme Manufacturing seek to maximize their rewards less costs. The second is that groups at Acme Manufacturing can maximize collective rewards by developing accepted systems for equitably apportioning rewards and costs among members. The third is that when individuals find themselves in inequitable relationships they become distressed (a). The fourth is that those who are in inequitable relations eliminate distress by restoring equity.

    Step 2
    The key issues are that childless employees feel cheated by the company and their co-workers. The childless workers feel that they're subsidizing health care and other benefits for employees with children(b). Those who are childless at Acme Manufacturing feel that flextime and telecommuting were mostly used by persons with children, whereas those that are ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution explains if employees are being paid fairly. The sources used are also included in the solution.