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1. The foreign exchange quotations shown below are for the Swiss franc (SF) and the U.S. dollar (\$).

U.S. Dollar Equivalent Currency per U.S. Dollar
Wednesday Tuesday Wednesday Tuesday

Spot 0.6506 0.6508 0.6536 0.6539 1.5365 1.5370 1.5293 1.5300
30 day 0.6496 0.6500 0.6523 0.6529 1.5385 1.5400 1.5315 1.5330
90 day 0.6470 0.6481 0.6499 0.6515 1.5430 1.5457 1.5350 1.5386

Answer the following questions based on the exchange rates shown in the table above.

a. What is the percentage appreciation/depreciation of the SF using indirect ask quotes for the SF?
b. What is the percentage premium/discount on the SF using indirect bid quotes for the dollar? Using a 30-day forward rate?
c. A customer wishes to buy the SF on Wednesday. What is the exchange rate for this transaction using indirect quotes for the SF?
d. Show the point quotes on Wednesday using indirect quotes for the dollar. Without doing any calculation, can you identify the currency on premium? Also, give a rationale for your answer.

2. Assume that a bank's bid rate on Japanese yen is \$.0041 and its ask rate is \$.0043. What is the bid ask percentage spread?

3. A Japanese yen is worth \$.0080, and a Fijian dollar (F\$) is worth \$.5900. What is the value of the yen in Fijian dollars (i.e., how many Fijian dollars do you need to buy a yen)?

4. The fictional Baylor Bank believes the New Zealand dollar (NZ\$) will appreciate over the next five days from \$.48 to \$.50. The following annual interest rates apply:

Currency Lending Rate Borrowing Rate
U.S. Dollars (US\$) 7.10% 7.50%
New Zealand dollar (NZ\$) 6.80% 7.25%

Baylor Bank has the capacity to borrow either NZ \$10 million or US \$5 million. If Baylor Bank's forecast is correct, what will its dollar profit be from speculation over the five day period (assuming that it does not use any of its existing consumer deposits to capitalize on its expectations)?

5. Suppose a Swiss bank quotes spot and 90-day forward rates on Swiss franc as
\$0.7957-60,8-13.

a. What are the outright 90-day forward rates?
b. What is the forward discount or premium associated with the Swiss franc?
c. Compute the percentage bid-ask spreads on spot and forward Swiss francs.

Solution Preview

1. The foreign exchange quotations shown below are for the Swiss franc (SF) and the U.S. dollar (\$).

U.S. Dollar Equivalent Currency per U.S. Dollar
Wednesday Tuesday Wednesday Tuesday

Spot 0.6506 0.6508 0.6536 0.6539 1.5365 1.5370 1.5293 1.5300
30 day 0.6496 0.6500 0.6523 0.6529 1.5385 1.5400 1.5315 1.5330
90 day 0.6470 0.6481 0.6499 0.6515 1.5430 1.5457 1.5350 1.5386

Answer the following questions based on the exchange rates shown in the table above.

a. What is the percentage appreciation/depreciation of the SF using indirect ask quotes for the SF?

Indirect Quotes give the price of the domestic currency in foreign currency terms. The first part of the table is the indirect quote and the second part is the direct quote in terms of SF. We have to find the appreciation/depreciation on Wednesday over Tuesday. A currency appreciates if it can get more of the foreign currency and depreciates if it gets less of the foreign currency. Here the SF has depreciated, since each SF gets fewer dollars on Wednesday as compared to Tuesday.

The value of the currency decreased to 0.6508 from 0.6539. The percentage depreciation is -
(0.6508-0.6539)/0.6539 = -0.474%

b. What is the percentage premium/discount on the SF using indirect bid quotes for the dollar? Using a 30-day forward rate?

The second part of the table is the indirect quote in terms of dollar. The SF is at a ...