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Management Discussion and Analysis: Creating a Memo

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Define the management's discussion and analysis. Describe in a memo, not to exceed 300 words, the major items disclosed in this section of the financial report. Respond to at least two of your classmates' postings.

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Step 1:
Header of the memo:
FROM: Management Trainee
DATE: February 5th 2014
SUBJECT: Management Discussion and Analysis

Step 2:
Body of the Memo:
This memo discusses the major items disclosed in this section of the financial report.
One of the items discussed in the Management Discussion and Analysis is an overview of the operations of the company. This section also discusses how the company fared during the period of the report. The Management Discussion and Analysis also gives a brief plan of what it intends to do during the next year. It outlines the ...

Solution Summary

This solution explains items included in the Management Discussion and Analysis of the financial report. The sources used are also included in the solution.

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Verybest: Memo explaining the components and process of creating an annual report

Details: You have been promoted to a member of the management team in Verybest's financial department. You have hired a new staff member who is to assist you in preparing materials for the next Board of Directors meeting in which the annual financial reports will be presented.

Write an e-mail to your new employee explaining the components and the process of creating an annual report. Focus strongly on how accounting inputs are formulated into financial reports and statements for the organization. The memo should include three of the following annual reporting components:

Chairman of the Board Letter
sales and marketing
10-year summary of financial figures
management discussion and analysis
CPA opinion letter
financial statements (balance sheet, check sales, profits, R&D spending, inventory and debt levels over time)
subsidiaries, brands, and addresses
list of directors and officers
market cap = number of shares x share price
price to book = market cap / shareholders' funds
price to sales= market cap / annual sales
profit margin = profit after tax / annual sales
P/E Ratio = market cap / profit after tax
gearing = net debt / shareholders' funds
Enterprise Value (EV) = market cap plus debt (or minus cash)
EV / cash flow = enterprise value / operating cash flow

Objective: Examine the process of accounting and reporting.

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