1. Breakeven analysis Barry Carter is considering opening a music store. He wants to estimate the number of CDs he must sell to break even. The CDs will be sold for $13.98 each, variable operating costs are $10.48 per CD, and annual fixed operating costs are $73,500.
a. Find the operating breakeven point in number of CDs.
b. Calculate the total operating costs at the breakeven volume found in part a.
c. If Barry estimates that at a minimum he can sell 2,000 CDs per month, should he go into the music business?
d. How much EBIT will Barry realize if he sells the minimum 2,000 CDs per month noted in part c?
2. EBIT-EPS and capital structure Data-Check is considering two capital structures. The key information is shown in the following table. Assume a 40% tax rate.
Source of capital Structure A Structure B
Long-term debt $100,000 at 16% coupon rate $200,000 at 17% coupon rate
Common stock 4,000 shares 2,000 shares
a. Calculate two EBIT-EPS coordinates for each of the structures by selecting any two EBIT values and finding their associated EPS values.
b. Plot the two capital structures on a set of EBIT-EPS axes.
c. Indicate over what EBIT range, if any, each structure is preferred.
d. Discuss the leverage and risk aspects of each structure.
e. If the firm is fairly certain that its EBIT will exceed $75,000, which structure would you recommend? Why?
3. Integrative-Optimal capital structure Medallion Cooling Systems, Inc., has total assets of $10,000,000, EBIT of $2,000,000, and preferred dividends of $200,000 and is taxed at a rate of 40%. In an effort to determine the optimal capital structure, the firm has assembled data on the cost of debt, the number of shares of common stock for various levels of indebtedness, and the overall required return on investment:
Capital structure debt ratio Cost of debt, kd No. of common stock shares Required return, ks
0% 0% 200,000 12%
15 8 170,000 13
30 9 140,000 14
45 12 110,000 16
60 15 80,000 20
a. Calculate earnings per share for each level of indebtedness.
b. Use Equation 12.12 and the earnings per share calculated in part a to calculate
a price per share for each level of indebtedness.
c. Choose the optimal capital structure. Justify your choice.
4. Future value calculation Without referring to tables or to the preprogrammed function on your financial calculator, use the basic formula for future value along with the given interest rate, i, and the number of periods, n, to calculate the future value interest factor in each of the cases shown in the following table. Compare the calculated value to the value in Appendix Table A-1.
Case Interest rate, i Number of periods, n
A 12% 2
B 6 3
C 9 2
D 3 4
5. Future value tables Use the future value interest factors in Appendix Table A-1 in each of the cases shown in the table on the facing page to estimate, to the nearest year, how long it would take an initial deposit, assuming no withdrawals,
a. To double.
b. To quadruple.
Case Interest rate
The response addresses the queries posted in the attached Excel file.