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Compare and Contrast XML and HTML: Similarities and differences, benefits of each, use of one over the other.

Describe the similarities and differences between XML and HTML. Provide examples of at least two situations in which you would use XML and two situations in which you would use HTML. What are the benefits of each? Why would you use one over the other?

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XML and HTML are both markup languages. Both consist of a set of elements, either defined by a W3 standard or Document Type Definition/schema. Both use tags to markup a document and contain attributes. HTML is traditionally used to indicate the formatting of content, but this is shifting with HTML5. HTML5 documents are semantically marked up, with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS3) used for formatting. XML is generally used to markup data. The elements, or tags, conform to a DTD or schema, which defines what elements are allowed and how they can be used.

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Solution Summary

XML and HTML are both markup languages. If HTML conveys information, then XML defines it. This solution describes how and when each language is appropriate and when you would use one over the other. 396 words.