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CVP analysis,BEP under two production environment

2-61 CVP in a Modern Manufacturing Company on pg. 87

A division of Hewelett-Packard Company changed its production operations from one where a large labor force assembled electronic components to an automated production facility dominated by computer-controlled robots. The change was necessary because of fierce competitive pressures. Improvements in quality, reliability, and flexibility of production schedules were necessary just to match competition. As a result of the change, variable costs fell and fixed costs increased, as shown in the following assumed budgets:

Old Production Operation Old Production Operation
Unit variable cost
Material $0.88 $0.88
Labor $1.22 0.22
Total per unit $2.10 $1.10
Monthly fixed costs
Rent and depreciation 450,000.00 $875,000.00
Supervisory labor 80,000.00 175,000.00
Other 50,000.00 90,000.00
Total per month $580,000.00 $1,140,000.00

Expected volume is 600,000 units per month, with each unit selling for $3.10 Capacity is 800,000 units.

1. Compute the budgeted profit as the expected volume of 600,000 units under both the old and the new production environments.

2. Compute the budgeted break-even point under both the old and the new production environments.

3 .Discuss the effect on profits if volume falls to 500,000 units under both the old and the new production environments.

4 .Discuss the effect on profits if volume increases to 700,000 units under both the old and the new production environments.

5 .Comment on the riskiness of the new operation versus the old operation.

Solution Preview

See Excel attached.

Answer to question no: 1

1. Compute the budgeted profit as the expected volume of 600,000 units under both the old and the new production environments.
per unit total-old per unit total new
sales 3.1 1860000 3.1 1860000
less:variable cost 2.1 1260000 1.1 660000
contribution 1 600000 2 1200000
less:fixed cost 580000 1140000
profit 20000 60000
pv ratio 0.322580645 0.64516129

2. Compute the bugdeted ...

Solution Summary

The annswer contains computation of PV ratio, Break even point under two production environments and the computation of profit under different production volume

$2.19