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Return on Financial Assets

Solve the following problems:

1. Consider the following four debt securities, which are identical in every characteristic except as noted:
W: A corporate bond rated AAA
X: A corporate bond rate BBB
Y: A corporate bond rated AAA with a shorter time to maturity than bonds W and X
Z: A corporate bond rated AAA with the same time to maturity as bond Y that trades in a more liquid market than bonds W, X, or Y
List the bonds in the most likely order of the interest rates (yields to maturity) of the bonds from highest to lowest. Explain your work.

2. Explain how an economist could use the slope of the yield curve to analyze the probability that a recession will occur and why the spread may matter.

3. One year ago, you bought a bond for $10,000. You received interest of $400 at the end of the year, as well as your $10,000 principal. If the inflation rate over the last year was five percent, calculate the real return. Show your work.

4. Suppose that the price of a stock is $50 at the beginning of a year and $53 at the end of the year, and it pays a dividend of $2 during the year. Calculate the stock's current yield, capital-gains yield, and the return. Show your work for three separate calculations.

5. Use the capital-asset pricing model to predict the returns next year of the following stocks, if you expect the return to holding stocks to be 12 percent on average, and the interest rate on three-month T-bills will be two percent. Calculate a stock with a beta of -0.3, 0.7, and 1.6. Show your work for three separate calculations.

The format should be as follows:
o Typed, double-spaced, Times New Roman font (size 12), one-inch margins on all sides, APA format.
o Type the question followed by your solution.

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Solution Summary

The solution explains some finance questions relating to bonds and interest rates

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Answers to Various Financial Questions

Jenny just married Tim. Jenny remains to work as a cashier for a restaurant, and her monthly income has averaged $2,840 a month over the past year. Tim is working as a computer programmer and earns $3,000 a month. Their shared monthly income let them to live comfortably. Yet they have been unable to save any money for urgent situation.
According to Tim, "It's hard to believe, but we don't even have a savings account because we spend almost everything we make." Every month, they deposit each of their paychecks in separate checking accounts. Tim pays the rent and makes the car payment. Pam buys the groceries and pays the utilities. They use the money left over to purchase new clothes and the other "necessities" for enjoying life.
In an effort to make wise use of credit, the Turner have examined various sources that could serve their current and future financial needs. In the assessment process, they compared the APR along with various fees and potential charges.
Tim and Jenny are also learning about various actions that might be useful if they encounter credit troubles. Their discussions with friends and money management advisers provided expanded knowledge of credit counseling and bankruptcy alternatives.
Life Situation Financial Data
Recently Married
Pam, 26
Josh, 28
Renting an Apartment Monthly income $5,840
Living expenses $3,900
Assets $13,500
Liabilities $4,800
Emergency fund $1,000

Q1. What is the minimum amount that the Turner should have in an emergency fund? What actions might be taken to increase the amount in this fund?

1. Lucy lacks cash to pay for a $720 dishwasher. She could buy it from the store on credit by making 12 monthly payments of $65. The total cost would then be $780. Instead, Lucy decides to deposit $60 a month in the bank until she has saved enough money to pay cash for the dishwasher. One year later, she has saved $770.40—$720 in deposits plus interest. When she goes back to the store, she finds the dishwasher now costs $849.60. Its price has gone up 18 percent, the current rate of inflation.
From the financial standpoint, was postponing her purchase a good trade-off for Lucy?

Yes ___
No ___

2. Malou is trying to decide whether she can afford a loan she needs in order to go to chiropractic school. Right now Malou is living at home and works in a shoe store, earning a gross income of $3250 per month. Her employer deducts a total of $150 for taxes from her monthly pay. Malou also pays $100 on credit card debt each month. The loan she needs for chiropractic school will cost an additional $140 per month.
Calculate her debt payments-to-income ratio without college loan. Remember to convert your answer to a percentage!
Make sure to include zeros and the period in your answer.
Round your answer to 2 decimal places. i.e. 16.55, 12.32
Your Answer: ______

3. Sally is trying to decide whether she can afford a loan she needs in order to go to chiropractic school. Right now Sally is living at home and works in a shoe store, earning a gross income of $2990 per month. Her employer deducts a total of $200 for taxes from her monthly pay. Sally also pays $100 on credit card debt each month. The loan she needs for chiropractic school will cost an additional $100 per month.
Calculate her debt payments-to-income ratio with college loan. Don't forget to convert your answer to a percentage.
Make sure to include zeros and the period in your answer.
Round your answer to 2 decimal places. i.e. 20.12, 31.89
Your Answer: ________
4. A few years ago, Josh purchased a home for $137000. Today the home is worth $158000. His remaining mortgage balance is $57000.
Assuming Josh can borrow up to 76 percent of the market value of his home, what is the maximum amount he can borrow?
Round your answer to the nearest whole number.
Your Answer: __________

5. What would be the net annual cost of the following checking account?
Monthly fee : $11.55
Processing fee: $0.64 per check
Checks written: Average of 78 a month
Round your answer to the nearest whole number.
Your Answer:_______

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