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Discussing Business Research Methods

I am trying to figure out these sample questions, but am having some difficulties. I looked for the steps in Wikipedia and they did not seem clear to me. I would like to understand how to get the solution for these problems below. Thanks.

1. Below are listed the steps in the process of testing a hypothesis in a quantitative study. Place the steps in order from 1 to 6 with 1 as the first step and 6 as the last step.

________ Compute the sample statistic
________ Establish the null hypothesis
________ Collect data
________ Make a decision about rejecting or failing to reject the null
________ Set the level of significance (alpha)
________ Determine the practical significance of the results

For Q. 2 through Q. 5: Millie is an ethnographic researcher studying the development of language in young children from bilingual homes. She studies these children in childcare settings in which the child's second language is the language used. She observes the children as a 'visitor' in their classes for the first three months of their emersion in their new school setting. While there she takes down extensive notes in a notebook as she observes. She also often records small brief notes to herself on little green sheets that she keeps separate from her notebook.

2. Given this scenario, Millie is most likely demonstrating which of the following types of ethnography?
a. Life history
b. Confessional ethnography
c. Autoethnography
d. Ethnographic case study

3. The extensive notes Millie records in her notebook best represent:
a. Memos.
b. Protocols.
c. Field notes.
d. Jottings.

4. In this scenario, Millie can best be categorized as which of the following types of observer?
a. Active participant observer
b. Privileged, active observer
c. Passive observer
d. Non-formal observer

5. The brief notes that Millie records on the green sheets best represent
a. Memos.
b. Protocols.
c. Field notes.
d. Jottings.

6. Ruth is conducting a case study of typical ways of working in a College Registrar's office. Of the following, which is an appropriate practice for Ruth as she selects participants for her study?
a. Ruth should select all workers as participants for her identified case.
b. Ruth should screen potential participants and include only those who can contribute to her understanding.
c. Ruth should screen potential participants and include those with a strong perspective.
d. Ruth should allow the administrator in the office to select the participants given their individual roles in the context.

7. Julia stands on a pair of scales three times in a row. The first time she weighs 69 kilo, the second time 69 kilo, and the third time 69 kilo. Her real weight is 51 kilo. What is the matter with the scales?
a. The pair of scales is not reliable and not valid.
b. The pair of scales is reliable but is not valid.
c. The pair of scales is not reliable but is valid.
d. The pair of scales is reliable and valid.

Solution Preview

1. Below are listed the steps in the process of testing a hypothesis in a quantitative study. Place the steps in order from 1 to 6 with 1 as the first step and 6 as the last step.
3 - Compute the sample statistic
1 - Establish the null hypothesis
2 - Collect data
5 - Make a decision about rejecting or failing to reject the null
4 - Set the level of ...

Solution Summary

Each question has been answered individually and the answers with the rationale and reasoning is included... Below are listed the steps in the process of testing a hypothesis in a quantitative study. Place the steps in order from 1 to 6 with 1 as the first step and 6 as the last step...For Q. 2 through Q. 5: Millie is an ethnographic researcher studying the development of language in young children from bilingual homes....

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