Share
Explore BrainMass

Business Ethics - Fill in the Blanks & Case Study

Question 1
Fill in the gaps

a) Affirmative action programs can be defended either as a form of ......................or as an instrument for achieving social goals.
b) The glue that holds an organisation together , in the rational model, are ................ agreements.
c) The principle of employment at will is opposed to the doctrine that employee have a right to...........................
d)............................are a legitimate countervailing means for balancing the power of the large corporation.
e)..................................are individuals who enjoy the benefits of a good without paying their share of its costs.
f) ..................... is the legal doctrine that holds that the manufacturers must bear the cost of injury resulting from product defects regardless of fault.
g)........................are the legal duties of employees toward their employers.
h).............................is when an employee has an interest that might influence the judgement he/she makes for the employer when performing a certain task for the employer and has actually been given that task to perform.
i).....................................occurs when an employee demands a consideration from persons outside the firm as a condition for dealing with favourably with those persons when the employee transacts business for the firm.
j)........................is the act of buying and selling of a company's stock on the basis of "inside" information about the company.
k)......................is the degree to which the job has a substatial and perceivable impact on the lives of other people.
l)..........................is the doctrine that , unless employees are protected by an explicit contract, employees may dismiss their employees for good cause , for no cause or even for causes morally wrong,without being thereby guilty of legal wrong.
m)..........................is the right to a fair process by which decision makers impose sanctions on their subordinates.
n) Discrimination that is the result of isolated behaviour of a single individual..................................discriminatory behaviour.
o)A "bait" and "switch" scheme , like a fictitious sale price, is a variety of ..........................and violates one of the basic duties of the contract view.

Question 2
Case scenario Questions
Case Scenario 1

Tony, a data analyst for a major casino, is working after normal business hours to finish an important project.He realizes that he is missing data that had been sent to his co-worker Robert.Tony had inadvertently observed Robert typing his password several days ago and decides to log into Robert's computer and resend the data to himself. Upon doing so, Tony sees an open email regarding gambling bets Robert placed over the last several days with local sports book. All employees of casino are fobidden to engage in gambling activities to avoid any hint of conflictof interest. Tony knows he should report this but would have to admit to violating the company's information technology regulations by logging into Robert's computer. If he warns Robert to stop his betting, he would also have to reveal the source of his information.
QUESTIONS TO SCENARIO 1
a) Advice Tony under what conditions conflict of interst might be evident.
b) Explain in detail to Tony as to the rights of Roberts that might be threatened.

Case Scenario 2
You have noticed that on several occations how a senior colleague has severely bullied one of your colleagues in meetings and in on one-to-one situations. In meetings he frequently demeans him in front of other colleague. The colleague is clearly under stress, and does not know how to handle the put-downs. On the one occasion when he tried to fight back,the senior colleague said that it was all really part of banter, and not meant to be serious.As your colleagues prepares to go home for the weekend he tells you how he has become.He has contemplated suicide. You suggest that he seeks professional help. He replis that that would show weak he is, and leaves the office.

CASE SCENARIO 2 QUESTIONS
a)Explain your understanding of external whistle blowing.
b) Explain when external whistle blowing is morally justifiable.

Case scenario 3
The head of a research unit requests permission to review another research group's proposal in case she can add information to improve the project. Her covert intent is to maintain her current power , which will be endangered if the other research group carries out the project. Using her information power base,she covert means to introduce irrelevant information and pose further questions. If she sufficiently confuses the issues, she can discredit the research group and prevent the project from being carried out. She covers these covert intents and means with the overt ones of improving the project and reviewing its content.This relates to Corperate politics.

CASE SCENARIO 3 QUESTION
What type of tactics would you say the head of research used?

Solution Preview

*My comments are after the asterisks, and you should remove them. I also included some reference sites.
Business ethics

Question 1
Fill in the gaps

a) Affirmative action programs can be defended either as a form of
..compensation for past inequalities..or as an instrument for achieving social
goals.

b) The glue that holds an organisation together , in the rational model, are
..contract.. agreements.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/17608654/Rational-Organization

c) The principle of employment at will is opposed to the doctrine that
employee have a right to..work....

d)...Governments....are a legitimate countervailing means for balancing the
power of the large corporation.

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:NBcSbrZASyQJ:exampapers.p
olytechnic.edu.na/School%2520of%2520Management/Department%2520of%2520Business%
2520Management/BEL112S%2520-%2520Business%2520Ethics%2520%26%2520Leadership%25
20-%25201st%2520opportunity%2520-%2520November%25202010.pdf+&cd=3&hl=en&ct=cln
k&gl=us&client=firefox-a

e)...Free Riders...are individuals who enjoy the benefits of a good without
paying their share of its costs.

f) ...Social Costs... is the legal doctrine that holds that the manufacturers
must bear the cost of injury resulting from product defects regardless of
fault.

Keith YN Ng Phd. The Ethics of Consumer Production and Marketing
http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CC
wQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fdl.wecouncil.com%2FSerf%2FSerfWeb%2FUser1286%2FTME%252
0Power%2520Points%2FTME6.ppt&ei=nAA1UsOmBrb-4AOgnoGwBA&usg=AFQjCNFRaAME_k2kIfV
0Dh-EHioAuyYOzA&sig2=95QlGNSi79PbQdA6NmkB5A&bvm=bv.52164340,d.dmg

g)....Fiduciary duties...are the legal duties of employees toward their
employers.

http://biotech.law.lsu.edu/IEEE/dut101.htm

h)...Conflict of Interest..is when an employee has an interest that might
influence the judgement he/she makes for the employer when performing a
certain task for the employer and has actually been given that task to
perform.

EGH Handbook
https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=10&ved=0CHgQFjAJ
&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwelcometoegh.com%2Fpdf%2FEGH-Handbook-Final-lr.pdf&ei=mwI1U
sX0Ksri4AOkxIHACg&usg=AFQjCNGtluUr2gAOuH3rCE8JiKjuOxLykg&sig2=1jXY-t9cp0h67a_V
sxHQsg&bvm=bv.52164340,d.dmg&cad=rja

i)...Bribery...occurs when an employee demands a consideration from persons
outside the firm as a condition for dealing with ...

Solution Summary

Business ethics are addressed. Affirmative action programs which can be defended as a form are given.

$2.19