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Balanced Scorecard and Economic Value Added (EVA)

The organization that you work for has been thinking about implementing one of the items below and they have asked you to prepare a summary on both of these topics.

- Balanced Scorecard
- Economic Value Added

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The Balances Scorecard:

The Balanced Scorecard is one of many performance management measurement tools that have become very popular in recent years. The balance scorecard first came to prominence in the early 1990's. Dr Robert Kaplan and Dr David Norton of the Harvard Business School developed this system of performance management measurement. Perspectives of Balance scorecard.

As in the attached article, the scorecard seeks to measure a business from the following perspectives:
* Financial perspective - measures reflecting financial performance, for example number of debtors, cash flow or return on investment.
* Customer perspective - measures having a direct impact on customers, for example time taken to process a phone call, results of customer surveys, number of complaints or competitive rankings.
* Business process perspective - measures reflecting the performance of key business processes, for example the time spent prospecting, number of units that required rework or process cost.
* Learning and growth perspective - measures describing the companies learning curve, for example number of employee suggestions or total hours spent on staff training.

As opposed to most previous measurement tools, the balanced scorecard didn't just focus on the financial perspective.
(Refer Appendix-I)

The balanced scorecard aims to have a balance over the four areas rather than one area being much more focused upon "The BSC (Balanced Scorecard) divides the business environment into four key business areas" (Hepworth 1998) , e.g. a business putting most of their efforts into trying to gain short term profit.

One of the main advantages of the Balanced Scorecard is considered to be the opinion that it allows managers to view levels of performance all over an organisation at the same time "Primarily, the "balanced scorecard" gives managers the ability to view performance in several areas simultaneously" (Kippenberger 1996).

The Balanced Scorecard tends to focus more on critical performance indicators and missing out what can be considered less important indicators (Kippenberger 1996).

It is important that businesses implementing the balanced scorecard do not completely move away from financially driven targets or revenue may decrease dramatically, Neale & McElroy (2004) back up this point "The trick is to settle on a set of critical metrics which influence the financial results". ...

Solution Summary

This solution gives a detailed explanation of a balanced scorecard and economic value added in 1457 words, including a comparison between the two in terms of which is the better business evaluation tool and several references for further reading.

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