Please explain the choices.
A) Which of the following is not considered cash for financial reporting purposes?
a. Petty cash funds and change funds
b. Money orders, certified checks, and personal checks
c. Coin, currency, and available funds
d. Postdated checks and I.O.U.'s
B) Which of the following methods of determining bad debt expense does not properly match expense and revenue?
a. Charging bad debts with a percentage of sales under the allowance method.
b. Charging bad debts with an amount derived from a percentage of accounts receivable under the allowance method.
c. Charging bad debts with an amount derived from aging accounts receivable under the allowance method.
d. Charging bad debts as accounts are written off as uncollectible.
C) The use of a Purchase Discounts account implies that the recorded cost of a purchased inventory item is its
a. invoice price.
b. invoice price plus any purchase discount lost.
c. invoice price less the purchase discount taken.
d. invoice price less the purchase discount allowable whether taken or not.
D) In situations where there is a rapid turnover, an inventory method which produces a balance sheet valuation similar to the first-in, first-out method is
a. average cost.
b. base stock.
c. joint cost.
d. prime cost.
E) In a period of rising prices, the inventory method which tends to give the highest reported net income is
a. base stock.
b. first-in, first-out.
c. last-in, first-out.
F) Marr Corporation has two products in its ending inventory, each accounted for at the lower of cost or market. A profit margin of 30% on selling price is considered normal for each product. Specific data with respect to each product follows:
Product #1 Product #2
Historical cost $40.00 $ 70.00
Replacement cost 45.00 54.00
Estimated cost to dispose 10.00 26.00
Estimated selling price 80.00 130.00
In pricing its ending inventory using the lower-of-cost-or-market, what unit values should Marr use for products #1 and #2, respectively?
a. $40.00 and $65.00.
b. $46.00 and $65.00.
c. $46.00 and $60.00.
d. $45.00 and $54.00.
G) The following information is available for October for Jordan Company.
Beginning inventory $ 50,000
Net purchases 150,000
Net sales 300,000
Percentage markup on cost 66.67%
A fire destroyed Jordan's October 31 inventory, leaving undamaged inventory with a cost of $3,000. Using the gross profit method, the estimated ending inventory destroyed by fire is
H) Gomez Company had a gross profit of $360,000, total purchases of $420,000, and an ending inventory of $240,000 in its first year of operations as a retailer. Gomez's sales in its first year must have been
Seiler Co. purchased land as a factory site for $600,000. Seiler paid $60,000 to tear down two buildings on the land. Salvage was sold for $5,400. Legal fees of $3,480 were paid for title investigation and making the purchase. Architect's fees were $31,200. Title insurance cost $2,400, and liability insurance during construction cost $2,600. Excavation cost $10,440. The contractor was paid $2,200,000. An assessment made by the city for pavement was $6,400. Interest costs during construction were $170,000.
I) The cost of the land that should be recorded by Seiler Co. is
J) The cost of the building that should be recorded by Seiler Co. is
K) Tyson Chandler Company purchased equipment for $10,000. Sales tax on the purchase was $500. Other costs incurred were freight charges of $200, repairs of $350 for damage during installation, and installation costs of $225. What is the cost of the equipment?
L) Which of the following principles best describes the conceptual rationale for the methods of matching depreciation expense with revenues?
a. Associating cause and effect
b. Systematic and rational allocation
c. Immediate recognition
d. Partial recognition
M) A principal objection to the straight-line method of depreciation is that it
a. provides for the declining productivity of an aging asset.
b. ignores variations in the rate of asset use.
c. tends to result in a constant rate of return on a diminishing investment base.
d. gives smaller periodic write-offs than decreasing charge methods.
N) Depreciation is normally computed on the basis of the nearest
a. full month and to the nearest cent.
b. full month and to the nearest dollar.
c. day and to the nearest cent.
d. day and to the nearest dollar.
O) Lynne Corporation acquired a patent on May 1, 2008. Lynne paid cash of $20,000 to the seller. Legal fees of $800 were paid related to the acquisition. What amount should be debited to the patent account?
P) Blue Sky Company's 12/31/08 balance sheet reports assets of $5,000,000 and liabilities of $2,000,000. All of Blue Sky's assets' book values approximate their fair value, except for land, which has a fair value that is $300,000 greater than its book value. On 12/31/08, Horace Wimp Corporation paid $5,100,000 to acquire Blue Sky. What amount of goodwill should Horace Wimp record as a result of this purchase?
a. $ -0-
Q) In 2006, Edwards Corporation incurred research and development costs as follows:
Materials and equipment $ 80,000
Indirect costs 150,000
These costs relate to a product that will be marketed in 2007. It is estimated that these costs will be recouped by December 31, 2009. The equipment has no alternative future use. What is the amount of research and development costs that should be expensed in 2006?
R) Liabilities are
a. any accounts having credit balances after closing entries are made.
b. deferred credits that are recognized and measured in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles.
c. obligations to transfer ownership shares to other entities in the future.
d. obligations arising from past transactions and payable in assets or services in the future.
S) Which of the following is a current liability?
a. Preferred dividends in arrears
b. A dividend payable in the form of additional shares of stock
c. A cash dividend payable to preferred stockholders
d. All of these
On January 1, 2007, Bleeker Co. issued eight-year bonds with a face value of $1,000,000 and a stated interest rate of 6%, payable semiannually on June 30 and December 31. The bonds were sold to yield 8%. Table values are:
Present value of 1 for 8 periods at 6% .627
Present value of 1 for 8 periods at 8% .540
Present value of 1 for 16 periods at 3% .623
Present value of 1 for 16 periods at 4% .534
Present value of annuity for 8 periods at 6% 6.210
Present value of annuity for 8 periods at 8% 5.747
Present value of annuity for 16 periods at 3% 12.561
Present value of annuity for 16 periods at 4% 11.652
T) The present value of the principal is
U). The present value of the interest is
V) The issue price of the bonds is
W) Major reasons why a company may become involved in leasing to other companies is (are)
a. interest revenue.
b. high residual values.
c. tax incentives.
d. all of these.
X) The methods of accounting for a lease by the lessee are
a. operating and capital lease methods.
b. operating, sales, and capital lease methods.
c. operating and leveraged lease methods.
d. none of these.
Y) In a lease that is appropriately recorded as a direct-financing lease by the lessor, unearned income
a. should be amortized over the period of the lease using the interest method.
b. should be amortized over the period of the lease using the straight-line method.
c. does not arise.
d. should be recognized at the lease's expiration.
The solution explains the answers to these 25 multiple choice questions relating to accounting in an attached word document.