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    Variable and absorption costing

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    The E-Company manufactures trendy, high-quality moderately priced watches that it sells on the Internet. As the company's senior financial analyst, you are asked to analyze the overall profitability for the current year. The CFO has heard that there are two different approaches for preparing income statement. You are asked to show the CFO both approaches and explain the advantages or disadvantages of each method. The following data are for the year ended December 31, 20XX:

    Production capacity
    400,000 units

    Ending inventory
    55,000 units

    Sales
    345,000 units

    Selling price
    $29.00 per unit

    Variable manufacturing cost (direct material: $3.50 and direct labor: $1.40) per unit
    $4.90 per unit

    Variable operating/selling cost per unit
    $1.20 per unit

    Total fixed manufacturing overhead
    $1,600,000

    Total ixed selling & administrative expenses
    $1,200,000

    Assume costs per unit are the same for units in beginning inventory and units produced during the year. Also, assume the prices and unit costs did not change during the year.

    Requirement:

    Prepare income statements under variable (contribution margin) and traditional (absorption) costing for the year ended December 31, 20XX.
    What are E's contribution margin ratio, gross profit ratio and operating (net) income ratios?
    Explain the difference and reconcile operating income for the two methods.
    If E sells 10,000 additional units, how much better off is the company financially? Which income method did you use? Please explain and show your computations.
    Which costing method would you recommend to the CFO? Why?
    Modular Case Assignment Expectations:

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    Solution Summary

    The solution explains some calculations under variable costing and absorption costing

    $2.19

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