Gargantuan Industries is a multiproduct company with several manufacturing plants. The Boise Plant manufactures and distributes two household cleaning and polishing compounds, standard and commercial, under the Super Clean label. The forecasted operating results for the first six months of the current year, when 100,000 cases of each compound are expected to be manufactured and sold, are presented in the following statement.
SUPER CLEAN COMPOUNDS - BOISE PLANT
Forecasted Results of Operations
For the Six-Month Period Ending June 30
Standard Commercial Total
Sales $2,000 $3,000 $5,000
Cost of goods sold 1,600 1,900 3,500
Gross profit 400 1,100 1,500
Selling and administrative expenses:
Variable $400 $700 $1,100
Fixed 240 360 600
Total selling & administrative expense 640 1,060 1,700
Income (loss) before taxes $(240) $40 $(200)
The standard compound sold for $20 a case and the commercial compound sold for $30 a case during the first six months of the year. The manufacturing costs, by case of product, are presented in the schedule below. Each product is manufactured on a separate production line. Annual normal manufacturing capacity is 200,000 cases of each product. However, the plant is capable of producing 250,000 cases of standard compound and 350,000 cases of commercial compound annually.
Cost per case
Direct material $7.00 $8.00
Direct labor 4.00 4.00
Variable manufacturing overhead 1.00 2.00
Fixed manufacturing overhead 4.00 5.00
Total manufacturing cost $16.00 $19.00
Variable selling & admin costs $4.00 $7.00
The following schedule reflects the consensus of top management regarding the price-volume alternatives for the Super Clean products for the last six months of the current year. These are essentially the same alternatives management had during the first six months of the year.
Standard Compound Commercial Compound
(per case) Sales Volume
(in cases) Alternative Prices
(per case) Sales Volume
$18 120,000 $25 175,000
20 100,000 27 140,000
21 90,000 30 100,000
22 80,000 32 55,000
23 50,000 35 35,000
Gargantuan's top management believes the loss for the first six months reflects a tight profit margin caused by intense competition. Management also believes that many companies will leave this market by next year and profit should improve.
1. What unit selling price should Gargantuan Industries select for each of the Super Clean compounds for the remaining six months of the year? Support your selection with appropriate calculations.
2. Independently of your answer to requirement (1), assume the optimum alternatives for the last six months were as follows: a selling price of $23 and volume of 50,000 cases for the standard compound, and a selling price of $35 and volume of 35,000 cases for the commercial compound.
a. Should Gargantuan Industries consider closing down its operations until January 1 of the next year in order to minimize its losses? Support your answer with appropriate calculations.
b. Identify and discuss the qualitative factors that should be considered in deciding whether the Boise Plant should be closed down during the last six months of the current year.