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Flexible Budgets and Cost Variances

See the attached file.

To be able to compute the revenue and cost variances and interpret whether the variances signal favourable or unfavourable performance.

Mr Doctor is the brand name of a therapeutic pillow produced by the Streussles Company.
For 2013, the operating budget is based on an estimated sale of 20,000 units at RM100 per pillow.
Additional information pertaining to its budget is as follows:

Operating income anticipated RM 120,000
Budgeted variable costs RM 64 per unit
Total fixed costs RM 600,000

Actual income for 2013 was a surprising RM354,000 on actual sales of 21,000 units of pillow at RM104 each.
Actual variable costs were RM60 per unit and fixed costs totaledRM570,000.

a) Prepare a variance analysis report showing the flexible-budget variance.
b) Prepare a variance analysis report showing the sales-volume variance.
c) Describe four factors that should be considered in establishing standards for use with a standard costing system.


Solution Summary

The expert computes the revenues and cost variances. The results are interpreted for unfavorable performances.