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    E.Coli and HIV

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    Pathogens, toxins, infections, and disease; Microbial Applications and Industrial Use; Biotransformations; Microbial decomposition and global recycling

    Summarize the key differences and similarities between the E.Coli and HIV.

    Discuss the benefits derived from the subject non-pathogenic microorganisms in the human environment.

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    Solution Preview

    E. coli is a Gram negative bacterium that typically likes to reside in the GI tracts of certain mammalian species, including humans. HIV on the other hand, by virtue of its name, is specific to humans firstly, and secondly, is a retrovirus, completely different from any bacteria.

    Both are similar in a small number of ways: they are both microorganisms (although whether a virus is truly an organism is debated to a degree) which rely on infection of a host to survive. For E. coli, this is because of the necessity of a warm environment filled with nutrients that it can turn into energy. For HIV, it is mainly because the host provides cells for its mechanism of replication. Both have lipid membranes forming their barriers to the outside world and lastly, they both have the capacity to become pathogenic in humans.

    They differ drastically in certain areas. In terms of replication, E. coli reproduces by cellular ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution examines E.Coli and HIV similarities and differences. The benefits which derive from the subject non-pathogenic microorganisms in the human environment are determined.