Share
Explore BrainMass

Difference beween intoxication and infection (nec fasc)

1. Explain the difference between food intoxication and food infections.
2. In May 2012, a young woman in Georgia was zip lining and fell into a river. A short time later she was hospitalized for a severe life threatening disease, caused by what is commonly referred to as flesh eating bacteria. What is the medical name for that disease and what organisms can cause this? What substance in this organism enable them to cause this disease and how?

Solution Preview

1. Explain the difference between food intoxication and food infections.

Any time the word infection is used, it refers to the fact that a microorganism (most commonly bacteria with food) has invaded the body and is causes illness. Food intoxication is different because rather than the microorganism directly invading the body, it is instead a toxin that it produces that is causing the illness.

Examples of microorganisms that cause food intoxication are Staphylococcus aureas, Bacillius cereus (rice is its favorite food), and Clostridium botulinum, and E. Coli O157H7. These bacteria cause illness by producing a toxin that they leave on food. When a person eats the food, the toxin enters the body and causes illness. Food infection is often caused by Salmonella species, Campylobater jejuni, Listeria monocytogenes (common in infants), Shigella, the Norwalk Viruses, and the Hepatitis A virus (a fecal-oral transmission virus for which there is a vaccine).

The symptoms of food intoxication and food ...

Solution Summary

A look at the difference between the definitions of food intoxication and food infection. Also a look at what necrotizing fascitits (flesh eating bacteria) is and what organisms cause it.

$2.19