Discuss why prokaryotes tend to be small relative to eukaryotic cells. Discuss why size may be limited in cells of eukaryotic organisms bases on their function. Provide examples and incorporate resources as necessary.
Prokaryotic cells are "simple" cells. What I mean by this is that they are "simpler" than eukaryotic cells. Now, don't be misled. The use of "simple" here is only used in a comparative sense. They are still vastly complex organisms, way beyond the knowledge of the entire scientific community in the world today. Think about that. So, "simple" doesn't exactly mean simple.
One of the main reasons why we might postulate that prokaryotic cells are smaller than eukaryotic cells has to do with internal functions. Eukaryotic cells have a significant system of internal membranes in order to divide the cytoplasm into compartments for specialized functions. A prokaryotic cells has no regular endomembrane system; therefore, it must remain small. Think about it. From a cell's point of ...