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Types of Gene Mutations for Genetics Students

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Discuss the three different types of gene mutations (base substitutions, insertion & deletion).

Please describe in detail how insertion, deletion, and base substitution of nucleotides can have a significant impact on genes, and provide three specific examples (actual gene mutations, not chromosome mutations) of ways in which a very small change in DNA can have a major impact on an organism, and describe each mutation in detail.

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Solution Summary

This solution outlines the different types of gene mutations and includes diagrams to illustrate the similarities, differences, and potential effects.

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Prokaryotic Genetic Recombination and Types of Operons

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Then, describe the following three different forms of prokaryotic genetic recombination: conjugation, transformation, and transduction.

Hypothesize how recombination might adversely affect the functioning of an operon such as the lac operon or the trp operon. What might be the metabolic implications for an E. coli cell that experiences a disruption of one of these operons?

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