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Kinship and Social Stratification

These questions are explored:

1. Which one of the kinship structures, such as Lin Family of Taiwan, the Iroquois or the Eskimo and explain from the perspective of culture and survival, the possible strengths of the kinship pattern in making a living and managing environment.

2. As a reference point, regarding the above mentioned how do you identify two patterns of social stratification such as class, race, caste, gender in terms of their bases, their effect on society and the possibilities for moving out of the social place to a higher status. How would you provide two effects on society and two possibilities or lack of possibilities for moving to a higher social status.

3. Explore the United Nations/website How do you find three areas in which the organization provides peace keeping assistance for the United Nations. Do you find that equal emphasis to conflict prevention and conflict resolution are realized? How to answer the three questions in which the organization provides peace keeping. Here are the websites

The following website -- http://www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/kintitle.html - is an interesting tutorial on kinship and social organization. You can read about non-kinship based social groups at http://anthro.palomar.edu/status/stat_3.htm. One of the websites I mentioned as a general resource in Week 1 -- http://www.anthrobase.com/default.html - has good information on the other topics covered this week.

4. Revolutions/as a foundation, reviewing two internet sites of choice, how would one of the major revolution be discussed. if exploring the situation, what reflect on causation, role of social stratification, type of conflict, and the resolution or results of the revolution.

Solution Preview

Please allow these ideas to help:

First, you might explain The Iroquois from the perspective of culture and survival in terms of their possible strengths of the kinship pattern in making a living and managing environment. For example, please note how the Iroquois organized using a model of the animal world. This model, like nature, reiterated survival and preserving their natural heritage.

Similarly, all members belonged to the clan of his or her mother, so they all had a clan animal. Unity and classification were strengths of this type. Since one of the main purposes of the clan was to provide kinship with clan members in other villages, this collaboration was also strength for survival and cultural preservation. Because Iroquois men often went away from their villages to hunt, the clan's organizational structure ensured survival due to the supply of food and lodging by the clan.

Please refer to these sites for more data:

http://www.carnegiemnh.org/exhibits/north-south-east-west/iroquois/in_the_forest.html

http://www.american-native-art.com/publication/iroquois/iroquois.html

http://www.utexas.edu/courses/wilson/ant304/projects/projects98/hagarp/SegSoc.htm

Similarly, please note how this kinship was a matrilineal descent system. Another strength was its total social organization. Some critics called this structure an "alliance theory." Another perceived strength was that it created "political and economic interdependence and encouraging common language and culture" (http://www.kchanson.com/ARTICLES/kinship.html).

As you look at gender, please note the impact of the matrilineal social structure. Women owned all property. As mentioned, they also determined kinship. As you look at patterns of social stratification such as class, race, caste, please note that ...

Solution Summary

Ideas related to kinship are explored from various anthropological perspectives.

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