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# Multiple Regression Model

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Home-Schooled Pupils are Making Colleges Sit Up and Take Notice

LEAD STORY-DATELINE:The Wall Street Journal, February 11, 2000.

Education in the home rather than in public schools is becoming more popular in this country. More children are withdrawing from public schools in favor of learning their lessons at home. One of the possible reasons for this movement is the increasing violence in public schools. After the disaster in Littleton, Colorado, the number of registered home-schooled children rose 10%.

Not only are more children staying at home, they seem to be doing very well academically. College-admissions tests indicate that for reading, English and science, home-schooled scores are better than public-school scores. For the ACT, home-schoolers scored 23.4, 24.4 and 21.9 compared to national averages of 20.5, 21.4 and 21.0. Only in math did home-schooled children do worse than the national average (20.4 compared to 20.7). The SAT had similar results with children studying at home scoring 1083 compared to the national average of 1016.

Interestingly, children schooled at home do not come from the highest income levels. The average income for the homes of these children is \$40,000 to \$50,000 as opposed to the national median income of \$50,000 to \$60,000. Their parents, however, do have more education than the national average. Home-schooled children also do not fit the racial stereotype, as 8% are nonwhite.

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Based on this article and your knowledge of college-admissions tests, what variables would you include in a multiple regression model to predict ACT scores? Be certain to include dummy variables (categorical variables).

After deciding on the variables to include in the model, explain how stepwise regression, R2adjusted and Cp could be used to improve upon the model.

##### Solution Summary

Home-Schooled Pupils are Making Colleges Sit Up and Take Notice

LEAD STORY-DATELINE:The Wall Street Journal, February 11, 2000.

Education in the home rather than in public schools is becoming more popular in this country. More children are withdrawing from public schools in favor of learning their lessons at home. One of the possible reasons for this movement is the increasing violence in public schools. After the disaster in Littleton, Colorado, the number of registered home-schooled children rose 10%.

Not only are more children staying at home, they seem to be doing very well academically. College-admissions tests indicate that for reading, English and science, home-schooled scores are better than public-school scores. For the ACT, home-schoolers scored 23.4, 24.4 and 21.9 compared to national averages of 20.5, 21.4 and 21.0. Only in math did home-schooled children do worse than the national average (20.4 compared to 20.7). The SAT had similar results with children studying at home scoring 1083 compared to the national average of 1016.

Interestingly, children schooled at home do not come from the highest income levels. The average income for the homes of these children is \$40,000 to \$50,000 as opposed to the national median income of \$50,000 to \$60,000. Their parents, however, do have more education than the national average. Home-schooled children also do not fit the racial stereotype, as 8% are nonwhite.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Based on this article and your knowledge of college-admissions tests, what variables would you include in a multiple regression model to predict ACT scores? Be certain to include dummy variables (categorical variables).

After deciding on the variables to include in the model, explain how stepwise regression, R2adjusted and Cp could be used to improve upon the model.

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