Quartiles
Students collected data for a project for statistics class, and were asked to find the mean, median, mode, range, upper quartile, lower quartile, interquartile range, and standard deviation. Then, they were asked to plot the data in a stemandleaf plot,
dot plot, histogram, and boxandwhisker plot. Explain how the students would calculate quartiles and why different methods produced slightly different results. Give an example.
https://brainmass.com/statistics/quantativeanalysisofdata/quartilesstemleafplots21334
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Defining Quartiles
Question:
Students collected data for a project for statistics class, and were asked to find the mean, median, mode, range, upper quartile, lower quartile, interquartile range, and standard deviation. Then, they were asked to plot the data in a stemandleaf plot, dot plot, histogram, and boxandwhisker plot. Explain how the students would calculate quartiles and why different methods produced slightly different results. Give an example.
________________________________________
Answer:
Quartiles are simple in concept but can be complicated in execution.
The concept of quartiles is that you arrange the data in ascending
order and divide it into four roughly equal parts. The upper
quartile is the part containing the highest data values, the upper
middle quartile is the part containing the nexthighest data values,
the lower quartile is the part containing the lowest data values,
while the lower middle quartile is the part containing the next
lowest data values.
Here's where it starts to get confusing. The terms 'quartile', 'upper
quartile' and 'lower quartile' each have two meanings. One definition
refers to the subset of all data values in each of those parts. For
example, if I say "my score was in the upper quartile on that math
test", I mean that my score was one of the values in the upper
quartile subset (i.e. the top 25% of all scores on that test).
But the terms can also refer to cutoff values between the subsets.
The 'upper quartile' (sometimes labeled Q3 or UQ) can refer to a
cutoff value between the upper quartile subset and the upper middle
quartile subset. Similarly, the 'lower quartile' (sometimes labeled Q1
or LQ) can refer to a cutoff value between the lower quartile subset
and the lower middle quartile subset.
The term 'quartiles' is sometimes used to collectively refer
to these values plus the median (which is the cutoff value between
the upper middle quartile subset and the lower middle quartile
subset). John Tukey, the statistician who invented the boxand
whisker plot, referred to these cutoff values as 'hinges' to avoid
confusion. Unfortunately, not everyone followed his lead on that.
It gets worse. Statisticians don't agree on whether the ...
Solution Summary
By example, this solution defines the concept of quartiles. It also explains how researchers can calculate quartiles using different methods e.g. mean, mode, etc. and why different methods produced slightly different results
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