You are the manager of a factory that produces Mini-Oats Cereal. The factory has an automated packaging machine that can be set at any targeted fill level between 12 and 32 ounces. Every box of cereal is not expected to contain exactly the targeted weight, but the average of all boxes filled should. At the end of every shift (8 hours), 16 boxes are selected at random and the mean and standard deviation of the sample are computed. Based on these sample results, the production control manager determines whether the filling machine needs to be readjusted or whether it remains all right to operate. Use a = 0.05.
Establish the appropriate null and alternative hypotheses to be tested with a target fill of 24 ounces.
At the end of a particular shift during which the machine was filling 24-ounce boxes of Mini-Oats, the sample mean of 16 boxes was 24.32 ounces, with a standard deviation of 0.70 ounces. Assist the production control manager in determining if the machine is achieving its targeted average.
Why do you suppose the production control manager would prefer to make this hypothesis test a two-tailed test? Discuss.
This solution shows how to set up and solve the hypothesis testing problem with formatted calculations and interpretation of results in an attached Word document.