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# Hypothesis Testing, Z score & Cohen's d

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Hello. I am doing my regular homework assignment and I cannot figure out and understand how to solve some of the problems. The book that I have does not explain or show how to solve the specific problems below. I have answered the questions that I am able to, but I cannot answer the other ones no matter how hard I have tried. Can you PLEASE include step-bt-step instructions on how to solve the problems. If I get behind with this, I won't be able to figure out next week's assignments. Because the course is online, it is impossible to really get any help or questions answered from the instructor, so I'm stuck.

1. For a sample selected from a population with a mean of u = 50 and a standard deviation of o = 10:

a. What is the expected value of M and the standard error of M and the standard error of M for a sample of n = 4 scores?
b. What is the expected value of M and the standard error of M for a sample of n = 25 scores?

2.IQ scores form a normal distribution with u = 100 and o = 15. If a random sample is selected from this population, on average, how much distance would you expect between the sample mean and the population mean for each of the following samples?

a. A sample of n = 9 scores
b. . A sample of n = 25 scores
c. A sample of n= 100 scores

3. A population has a mean of u = 100 and a standard deviation of o=20. Find the z score corresponding to each of the following sample means obtained from this population.

a. M= 102 for a sample of n = 4 scores
b. M= 102 for a sample of n =100 scores
c. M= 95 for a sample of n = 16 scores
d. D. M = 95 for a sample of n = 25 scores

4. A random sample is obtained from a normal population with a mean of u = 80 and a standard deviation of o = 8. Which of the following outcomes is more likely?

a. A sample mean greater than M = 86 for a sample of n = 4 scores.
b. A sample mean greater than M = 84 for a sample of n =16 scores.

5. The value of the z score that is obtained for a hypothesis test is influences by several factors. Some factors influence the size of the numerator of the z score and other factors influence the size of the standard error in the denominator. For each of the following, indicated whether the factor influences the numerator of denominator of the z score and determine whether the effect would be to increase the value of z (farther from zero) or decrease the value of z (closer to zero). In each case, assume that all other components of the Z score remain constant.

a. Increase the sample size
b. Increase the population standard deviation
c. Increase the difference between the sample mean and the value of u specified in the null hypothesis.

6. The term errors that can be made in hypothesis testing.

a. What factor can a researcher control that will reduce the risk of a type I error?
b. What factor can a research control that will reduce the standard error?

7. Childhood participation in sports, cultural groups, and youth groups appears to be related to improved self-esteem adolescents. In a representative study, a sample of n = 100 adolescents with a history of group participation is given a standardized self-esteem questionnaire. For the general population of adolescents, scores on this questionnaire form a normal distribution with a mean of u = 40 and a standard deviation of o = 12. The sample of group participation adolescents is significantly different from those of the general population? Use a two-tailed test with x = .01

8.test the effectiveness of a treatment, a sample of n = 25 people is selected from a normal population with a mean of u = 60. After the treatment is administered to the individuals in the sample, the sample mean is found to be M = 55.

a. If the population standard deviation is o = 10, can you conclude that the treatment has a significant effect? Use a two-tailed test with x = .05.
b. If the population standard deviations is o = 20, can you conclude that the treatment has a significant effect? Use a two-tailed test with x =. 05.
c. Compute Cohen's d to measure effect size for both tests (o = 20 and o = 10).