# Hypothesis Testing II: One Sample Hypothesis Tests

See the attached file.

1. Recall that "very satisfied" customers give the XYZ-Box video game system a rating that is at least 42. Suppose that the manufacturer of the XYZ-Box wishes to use the random sample of 65 satisfaction ratings to provide evidence supporting the claim that the mean composite satisfaction rating for the XYZ-Box exceeds 42.

a: Letting μ represent the mean composite satisfaction rating for the XYZ-Box, set up the null hypothesis H0 and the alternative hypothesis Ha needed if we wish to attempt to provide evidence supporting the claim that μ exceeds 42.

b: The random sample of 65 satisfaction ratings yields a sample mean of = 42.954. Assuming that s equals 2.64, use critical values to test H0 versus Ha at each of α = .10, .05, .01, and .001.

c: Using the information in part b, calculate the p-value and use it to test H0 versus Ha at each of α = .10, .05, .01, and .001. d How much evidence is there that the mean composite satisfaction rating exceeds 42?

2. Complete Exercise 9.19 on page 358 in your textbook.

The Crown Bottling Company has just installed a new bottling process that will fill 16-ounce bottles of the popular Crown Classic Cola soft drink. Both overfilling and underfilling bottles are undesirable: Underfilling leads to customer complaints and overfilling costs the company considerable money. In order to verify that the filler is set up correctly, the company wishes to see whether the mean bottle fill, μ, is close to the target fill of 16 ounces. To this end, a random sample of 36 filled bottles is selected from the output of a test filler run. If the sample results cast a substantial amount of doubt on the hypothesis that the mean bottle fill is the desired 16 ounces, then the filler's initial setup will be readjusted.

a: The bottling company wants to set up a hypothesis test so that the filler will be readjusted if the null hypothesis is rejected. Set up the null and alternative hypotheses for this hypothesis test.

b: Suppose that Crown Bottling Company decides to use a level of significance of α = .01, and suppose a random sample of 36 bottle fills is obtained from a test run of the filler. For each of the following four sample means− , , , and −determine whether the filler's initial setup should be readjusted. In each case, use a critical value, a p-value, and a confidence interval. Assume that s equals .1.

3. Complete Exercise 9.29 (The Video Game Satisfaction Rating Case) on page 362 in your textbook.

Recall that "very satisfied" customers give the XYZ-Box video game system a composite satisfaction rating that is at least 42.

a: Letting μ represent the mean composite satisfaction rating for the XYZ-Box, set up the null and alternative hypotheses needed if we wish to attempt to provide evidence supporting the claim that μ exceeds 42.

The mean and the standard deviation of a sample of n = 65 customer satisfaction ratings are and s = 2.6424. Use a critical value to test the hypotheses you set up in part α by setting α equal to .01. Also, interpret the p-value of .0025 for the test.

4. Complete Exercise 9.31 on page 362 in your textbook.

Consider a chemical company that wishes to determine whether a new catalyst, catalyst XA-100, changes the mean hourly yield of its chemical process from the historical process mean of 750 pounds per hour. When five trial runs are made using the new catalyst, the following yields (in pounds per hour) are recorded: 801, 814, 784, 836, and 820.

t-statistic = 6.942585

p-value = 0.00261

a: Letting μ be the mean of all possible yields using the new catalyst, set up the null and alternative hypotheses needed if we wish to attempt to provide evidence that μ differs from 750 pounds.

b: The mean and the standard deviation of the sample of 5 catalyst yields are and s = 19.647. Using a critical value and assuming approximate normality, test the hypotheses you set up in part α by setting α equal to .01. The p-value for the hypothesis test is given in the Excel output on the page margin. Interpret this p-value.

5. Complete Exercise 9.42 on page 367 in your textbook.

The manufacturer of the ColorSmart-5000 television set claims that 95 percent of its sets last at least five years without needing a single repair. In order to test this claim, a consumer group randomly selects 400 consumers who have owned a ColorSmart-5000 television set for five years. Of these 400 consumers, 316 say that their ColorSmart-5000 television sets did not need repair, while 84 say that their ColorSmart-5000 television sets did need at least one repair.

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#### Solution Summary

Step-by-step method for computing test statistic for t test is given in the answer.

Hypothesis testing for overall job satisfaction

Complete all of the following:

1. Test a hypothesis to see whether the average overall job satisfaction (in the population of all workers in the USA) is equal to 4.5 with a = .05.

a. State the null hypothesis, the alternative hypothesis, and the significance level.

b. Using the data in our database, calculate the test statistic.

c. What is the critical level for the significance level?

d. What is your conclusion? Do we accept or reject the null hypothesis?

Provide answer to all four parts of this question.

2. Propose a hypothesis test for the mean intrinsic job satisfaction, similar to the test from problem 1, and answer parts a, b, c, and d of problem 1 for this hypothesis test. Provide answer to the four questions.

3. We believe that half of the population would have an extrinsic job satisfaction of 5.0 or greater. Answer parts a, b, c, and d of problem 1 for this hypothesis test of a proportion. Provide answer to the four questions.

4. We believe that the variance of the overall job satisfaction is equal to 1.0 Answer parts a, b, c, and d of problem 1 for this hypothesis test of a variance. Provide answer to the four questions.

5. We will call a "deskbody" a person whose intrinsic job satisfaction level is higher than their extrinsic job satisfaction level (i.e. happy with their job more than their office). We will call a "socialbody" a person whose extrinsic job satisfaction level is higher than their intrinsic job satisfaction level (i.e. happy with the office more than their job). We believe that there are equal deskbodies and socialbodies in the work force.

a. State an appropriate null hypothesis and its alternative hypothesis.

b. In our database, what percent of the employees are deskbodies? Are socialbodies?

c. What did you do with the employees who had equal intrinsics and extrinsics?

6. Determine the required sample size if you need to estimate the number of workers in the United States who are highly satisfied with their job and you want the estimate to be within 2 percentage points with a 96% confidence interval.

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