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Hypothesis Testing - Consolidated Power, a large electric power utility, has just built a modern nuclear power plant.

Consolidated Power, a large electric power utility, has just built a modern nuclear power plant. This plant discharges waste water that is allowed to flow into the Atlantic Ocean. The Environmental Protection Agency has ordered that the waste water may not be excessively warm so that thermal pollution of the marine environment near the plant can be avoided. Because of this order, the waste water is allowed to cool in specifically constructed ponds and is released into the ocean. This cooling system works properly if the mean temperature of the waste water discharged is 60oF or cooler. Consolidated Power is required to monitor the temperature of the waste water, A sample if 100 temperature readings will be obtained each day, and if the results cast a substantial amount of doubt on the hypothesis that the cooling system is working properly (the mean temperature of waste water discharged is 60oF or cooler), then the plant must be shut down and appropriate actions must be taken to correct the problem.

A. Consolidated Power wishes to set up a hypothesis test so that the power plant will be shut down when the null hypothesis is rejected. Set up the null and alternative hypotheses that should be used

B. In the context of the situation, interpret making a Type I error; interpret making a type II error.

C. The EPA periodically conducts spot checks to determine whether the waste water being discharged is too warm. Suppose the EPA has the power to impose very severe penalties (for example, very heavy fines) when that waste water is excessively warm. Other things being equal, should Consolidated Power set the probability of a Type I error equal to μ= 0.01 or μ = 0.05? Explain.

D. Suppose Consolidated Power has been experiencing technical problems with the cooling system. Because the system has been unreliable, the company feels it must take precautions o avoid failing to shut down the plant when its waste water is too warm. Other things being equal, should Consolidated Power set the probability of a Type I error equal to μ= 0.01 or μ = to 0.05? Explain.

Solution Preview

Consolidated Power, a large electric power utility, has just built a modern nuclear power plant. This plant discharges waste water that is allowed to flow into the Atlantic Ocean. The Environmental Protection Agency has ordered that the waste water may not be excessively warm so that thermal pollution of the marine environment near the plant can be avoided. Because of this order, the waste water is allowed to cool in specifically constructed ponds and is released into the ocean. This cooling system works properly if the mean temperature of the waste water discharged is 60oF or cooler. Consolidated Power is required to monitor the temperature of the waste water, A sample if 100 ...

Solution Summary

This solution presents the null and alternative hypothesis and predicts the parameters for a type 1 error and type 2 error. It also explains why the EPA needs to set a Type 1 error equal to alpha 0.01.

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