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Data Error

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In the process of acquiring data for research, we sometimes find ourselves facing possibility that field workers may have intentionally introduced error into the data.

(A) Why and how might they have done this?
(B) What can we do to prevent such errors?

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Solution Summary

In the process of acquiring data for research, we sometimes find ourselves facing possibility that field workers may have intentionally introduced error into the data. The solution discusses why and how might they have done this and what can be done to prevent such errors.

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a) Intentionally introducing error into research data is classified as Research Misconduct. The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)include fabrication and falsification in their definition of research misconduct. Fabrication occurs when data, findings or artefacts are deliberately invented. This commonly occurs in many universities where there is an expectation to publish, otherwise some penalty, including loss of one's job, may occur. This may unethically motivate a researcher to fabricate results to get a paper published. ...

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