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Step by step method for testing the hypothesis (ANOVA, t test, Chi square) under the 5 step approach

Please see the attached file for full problem description.

12. There are 300 welders employed at the Maine Shipyards Corporation. A sample of 30 welders revealed that 18 graduated from a registered welding course. Construct the 95 percent confidence interval for the proportion of all welders who graduated from a registered welding course.

28. A processor of carrots cuts the green top off each carrot, washes the carrots, and inserts six to a package. Twenty packages are inserted in a box for shipment. To test the weight of the boxes, a few were checked. The mean weight was 20.4 pounds, the standard deviation 0.5 pounds. How many boxes must the processor sample to be 95 percent confident that the sample mean does not differ from the population mean by more than 0.2 pounds?

Lind Chapter 10: Exercises 6, 18

6. The MacBurger restaurant chain claims that the waiting time of customers for service is normally distributed, with a mean of 3 minutes and a standard deviation of 1 minute. The quality-assurance department found in a sample of 50 customers at the Warren Road MacBurger that the mean waiting time was 2.75 minutes. At the .05 significance level, can we conclude that the mean waiting time is less than 3 minutes?

18. The management of White Industries is considering a new method of assembling its golf cart. The present method requires 42.3 minutes, on the average, to assemble a cart. The mean assembly time for a random sample of 24 carts, using the new method, was 40.6 minutes, and the standard deviation of the sample was 2.7 minutes. Using the .10 level of significance, can we conclude that the assembly time using the new method is faster?

Lind Chapter 11: Exercises 24, 38

24. Clark Heter is an industrial engineer at Lyons Products. He would like to determine whether there are more units produced on the afternoon shift than on the day shift. A sample of 54 day-shift workers showed that the mean number of units produced was 345, with a standard deviation of 21. A sample of 60 afternoon-shift workers showed that the mean number of units produced was 351, with a standard deviation of 28 units. At the .05 significance level, is the number of units produced on the afternoon shift larger?

38. Two boats, the Prada (Italy) and the Oracle (U.S.A.), are competing for a spot in the upcoming America's Cup race. They race over a part of the course several times. Below are the sample times in minutes. At the .05 significance level, can we conclude that there is a difference in their mean times?

Boat Times (minutes)
Prada (Italy) 12.9 12.5 11.0 13.3 11.2 11.4 11.6 12.3 14.2 11.3
Oracle (U.S.A.) 14.1 14.1 14.2 17.4 15.8 16.7 16.1 13.3 13.4 13.6

Lind Chapter 12: Exercise 30

30. There are four auto body shops in a community and all claim to promptly serve customers. To check if there is any difference in service, customers are randomly selected from each repair shop and their waiting times in days are recorded. The output from a statistical software package is:

Summary

Groups Count Sum Average Variance
Body Shop A 3 15.4 5.133333 0.323333
Body Shop B 4 32 8 1.433333
Body Shop C 5 25.2 5.04 0.748
Body Shop D 4 25.9 6.475 0.595833

ANOVA
Source of Variation SS df MS F p-value
Between Groups 23.37321 3 7.791069 9.612506 0.001632
Within Groups 9.726167 12 0.810514
Total 33.09938 15

Is there evidence to suggest a difference in the mean waiting times at the four body shops? Use the .05 significance level.

Lind Chapter 15

12. For many years TV executives used the guideline that 30 percent of the audience were watching each of the prime-time networks and 10 percent were watching cable stations on a weekday night. A random sample of 500 viewers in the Tampa-St. Petersburg, Florida, area last Monday night showed that 165 homes were tuned in to the ABC affiliate, 140 to the CBS affiliate, 125 to the NBC affiliate, and the remainder were viewing a cable station. At the .05 significance level, can we conclude that the guideline is still reasonable?

26. A study regarding the relationship between age and the amount of pressure sales personnel feel in relation to their jobs revealed the following sample information. At the .01 significance level, is there a relationship between job pressure and age?

Degree of Job Pressure
Age (years) Low Medium High
Less than 25 20 18 22
25 up to 40 50 46 44
40 up to 60 58 63 59
60 and older 34 43 43

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Solution Summary

The step by step method for testing the hypothesis (ANOVA, t test, Chi square) under the 5 step approach is discussed here. An Excel template for each problem is also included. This template can be used to obtain the answers of similar problems.

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