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    Origins of Jainism & Comparisons with Sikhism

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    What are the origins of Jainism and its key beliefs and ethical practices. Are there any of the same characteristics of Sikhism and, if so, what do they share?

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    Origins of Jainism:
    Its geographical origin is in Eastern India around the 7th century BCE which makes it one of the oldest religions although presently holds a religious minority in India. Jainism was the state religion for lengthy periods of time of Indian kingdoms. It was a time and place of religious renewal (or turmoil according to some scholars), in which several groups reacted against the formalized rituals and hierarchical organization of traditional Hinduism. It was in this fertile period that Buddhism developed as well (Paul Dundas, The Jains. 2nd Edition. Routledge, 2002).

    You will find the following article helpful:
    Jainism / Origins and Philosophy http://www.jainnetwork.com/Origins-and-Philosophy-Ajainism_1/

    I have cross-referenced most of the information on the site and it appears accurate. It would be beneficial to find scholarly proof on the information.

    Key Beliefs of Jainism
    Jainism has its historical roots in Hinduism, however, the religions are different.
    Jainism is based in Cosmology. Jains believe that the universe and everything in it is eternal. Nothing that exists now was ever created, nor will it be destroyed. The universe consists of three realms: the heavens, the earthly realm, and the hells.

    There are seven levels of heaven in Jain cosmology. The top level, "the Realm of the Jinas" is reserved for liberated souls. ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution will assist the student in discussing the origins, key beliefs, and ethical practices of Jainism as well as characteristics of Sikhism.