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Christian Fundamentalism & Functions of Faith

1) In what ways is the rise of Christian fundamentalism in the North American Bible Belt today a response to the upheavals of the revitalization movements that occur as a result of rapid colonization and modernization?

2) As a result of this, what would some of the social and psychological functions of religion be?

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Dear Student,
Hello. Please check with your own materials to make your final answer more course-specific. Much of the information below is based on my studies of Identity, social constructs and American History. Thank you for using Brainmass. Good luck!

Sincerely,
OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
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Religion and Culture Change Questions

1) In what ways is the rise of Christian fundamentalism in the North American Bible Belt today a response to the upheavals of the revitalization movements that occur as a result of rapid colonization and modernization?

In the earlier part of the Age of the Colonies, when Puritans, Catholics and other religious groups set sail for the Americas, what they found was a challenging new environment that tested their faith. But since they removed to the 'New World' to find freedom from religious persecution, they were able to practise their faith freely and the separation of the Church and State marked a fundamental viewpoint among whom de Crevecoeur call 'The Americans'. While the morality of faith informed the views of the Founding Fathers, religion was always a separate entity from political and administrative elements, that one profound difference between 'Americans' and the 'British' who followed the monarchical edict that faith and beliefs are dictated by the Crown. Over the centuries throughout the growth, expansion and modernization of the American Nation, while New England colonies and their Puritans came to balance faith and civic life/responsibilities, due to the influx of urbanization and active political process, Much of New England and the rest of the nation adapted and focused on the role of the nation as one of the World's primary powers influencing global decisions through the strength of its industry, economy, technology, social design, leadership and powerful military. But as early as the 1920's just as Darwinism has set itself upon the learned, the elites and the academic system where rationalism and the scientific method become entrenched, in Kentucky, upright Baptist minister in Minneapolis, William B. Riley challenged ...

Solution Summary

The solution is a comprehensive 1,223-word narrative that provides a discussion of and answers to the questions listed in the original problem (see long description) including Christian Fundamentalism in the North American Bible Belt today and the social and psychological functions of religion. References are listed for the purpose of expansion and further research. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing.

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