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Model of Abnormality

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Assess and discuss the validity of the Model of Abnormality that is consistent with your thinking as to the etiology of depression. Support your ideas with information from the text and reliable websites.

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1. Assess and discuss the validity of the Model of Abnormality that is consistent with your thinking as to the etiology of depression. Support your ideas with information from the text and reliable websites.

According to the medical model of abnormality, the following biological factors explain diseases, such as depression:

? Genetics. The genes we inherit from our parents provide the 'blueprint' for our bodies and brains. A slight abnormality in the genes could result in abnormalities in a person's brain functioning with the consequence that their behaviour becomes abnormal.
? Infection. The brain itself has no immune response. It relies on keeping infections (e.g. bacteria or viruses) out with a barrier. Infections that get into the brain can cause widespread damage, and if the brain is damaged then a person may start to have abnormal experiences or to behave in abnormal ways.
? Chemicals. To operate properly, the brain relies on hundreds of different chemicals all being in the correct balance. These chemicals (neurotransmitters and hormones) are used to send messages round the brain and nervous system, so too much or too little of any of them can cause the brain to function abnormally ...

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Through research and discussion, this solution assesses and discusses the validity of the Model of Abnormality that is consistent with the etiology of depression.

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Abnormal Psychology - Depression and Theories of Abnormality

Abnormal psychology text presents three main theories of abnormality: biological, psychological, and sociocultural. How can these perspectives be integrated to explain symptoms of depression?

- What is the perspective of a theorist from each of the three models of abnormality (biological, psychological, and sociocultural perspective)? Please give supportive answers for each perspective (apa).

- How to view the factors leading to Susie's presenting behaviors?

Case vignette:

Susie is an 8-year-old Asian American girl; the youngest child in a family of four older siblings. Her parents are both high school teachers. When Susie was 5 years old, she was hospitalized for three weeks for a serious illness. Since that time, she has been in good health.

Susie is extremely shy and avoids situations in which she needs to interact with new people or large groups. She worries about making mistakes in her schoolwork and becomes extremely anxious when taking tests. Sometimes she becomes so nervous that her heart races; she begins to tremble and has difficulty breathing. Susie is also afraid of the dark and does not want to be alone in her room at night. She often requires the presence of one of her parents or older sisters until she falls asleep.

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