Outlined the various aspects of the theoretical viewpoints on substance abuse, on pp. 300-304 in the text, with which you agree: sociocultural, psychodynamic, behavioral/cognitive, or biological.
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Each theory adds a piece to the puzzle, as biological, psychological and environmental factors play a part in addictions. For example, biological explanations are supported by twin, adoptee, genetic linkage, and molecular biology studies, suggesting that people may inherit a predisposition to substance dependence. Researchers have also learned that drug tolerance and withdrawal symptoms may be caused by cutbacks in the brain's production of particular neurotransmitters during excessive and chronic drug use. Finally, biological studies suggest that many, perhaps all, drugs may ultimately lead to increased dopamine activity in the brain's reward center (Source: attached).
And, from the socio-cultural view, research has found a correlation between abusing drugs and living in stressful socioeconomic conditions or whose families that value or accept drug use. For example, regions with higher ...
Outlined the various aspects of the theoretical viewpoints on substance abuse: sociocultural, psychodynamic, behavioral/cognitive, or biological. Rationale provided.