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DSM-V Diagnoses

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Review a specific addiction listed in the DSM-5 and address what the relevant differential diagnosis would need to rule out. Note what assessments are needed to rule out other mental health or medical disorders that might be present with similar concerns or symptoms. What assessments would help support determining the level of severity?

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Schizophrenia is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, and other symptoms that cause social or occupational dysfunction. Thus, for a diagnosis, symptoms must include the presence of the condition for at least six months with the individual having symptoms such as (hallucinations, disorganized speech, delusions, etc.) for at least one month. As a result of the changes in the DSM-V, the dimensional assessments is stated to account for the severity of symptoms of Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. However, Ritsner, Mar, Arbitman, & Grinshpool (2013) assert that the Symptoms for Severity Scale for the DSM -V (SS-DSM5) has not been presented with reliable and/or valid psychometric properties. Based on the research, the first edition of the DSM-V favored the psychodynamic theoretical model; however, the final edition of the DSM-V referred more to a psychobiological dysfunction within the recognition that mental disorders reflect a medical or physiological dysfunction.

The basic characterization for Schizophrenia in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR [APA], 2000) stays the same in the 5th edition of the manual. However, some changes have been made in terms of making a diagnosis. For ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the changes and deletions in DSM-V as it relates to Schizophrenia.

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This Week's Readings
Please note that Chapter 11 in the Abnormal Psychology text uses terminology that applies to the DSM-IV-TR diagnoses. Be sure that you use the DSM-V as the primary source for diagnostic criteria for substance-related and addictive disorders. The textbook chapter contains useful information about causal factors and treatment.
Resources for Discussion and Application Assignment
Note that this week we have both a discussion and an application assignment. Here are some resources that you may find helpful:
First, here is an example of a substance use assessment from the DSM-V list of assessments:
APA_DSM5_Level-2-Substance-Use-Adult.pdf

The main page for DSM-V assessmnents is here:
http://www.psychiatry.org/practice/dsm/dsm5/online-assessment-measures#Level2
These assessments should not be the sole source of information for making a diagnosis, but are one tool that can be used.
Next, here's a link to the decision tree for excessive substance use:
http://dsm.psychiatryonline.org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.books.9781585629992.mf02#x86949.2722074
You may find this helpful as you determine a diagnosis for the client, Mary Jane.
Finally, at this link you'll find a list of charts to help you differentiate different personality disorders from other disorders:
http://dsm.psychiatryonline.org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.books.9781585629992.mf03#x43353.2747000

Diagnosing a Personality Disorder

Diagnosing a personality disorder can be extremely challenging and individuals with personality disorders are frequently misdiagnosed. In this Discussion, you will examine a diagnosis for a client with a personality disorder and discuss the factors that complicate that diagnosis.
To prepare:
• Review this week's Learning Resources.
• Focus on the reasons diagnosis of personality disorders is difficult.
• Review the section on personality disorders in the DSM.
• Select a personality disorder from the DSM for the focus of your Discussion post.
• Put the name of the diagnosis you chose in the subject line of your post.

With these thoughts in mind:

Post by Day 4 a summary of the personality disorder you selected, as well as a brief description of a treatment approach you would recommend. Then, explain why giving this diagnosis may be complicated.

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