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The mental Health effects of Diasters

Select one man-made or natural disaster and one crisis or other trauma-causing event to use for the application.

Briefly describe the two examples you selected.
Briefly explain the major mental health effects of disasters, crises, and/or trauma-causing events on people (survivors and care providers). Use examples to be specific, and be sure to include generalizations that apply across disasters, crises, and other trauma-causing events.
Analyze the counselor's role in responding to people (survivors and care providers) affected by disasters, crises, and/or trauma-causing events. Again, use your examples to be specific, and be sure to include generalizations that apply across disasters, crises, and other trauma-causing events.
Briefly describe the experience of vicarious trauma and/or secondary traumatic stress, and explain what strategies counselors might use to minimize and/or address them.

Solution Preview

Explain major health effects of disasters, crises, and or trauma causing events in people (survivors or caregivers)

In most instances the health effects from natural disasters, and traumatic-causing events are similar. For instance, individuals experiencing trauma from both a natural disaster, and a trauma-causing event may suffer from forms of anxiety, stress from economic loss, and the disruption of normal lives. Studies show that Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is common after a major disaster (Kun, Han, Chen, & Yao, 2009), and during a bereavement process (Kaltman & Bonanno, 2001). These two examples are discussed:

Example 1

Specifically, bereavement from a violent death was associated with high level of stress and depression. In addition, Kaltman and Bonanno (2001) found that persons who had lost a close relative due to a violent death were significantly more likely to develop Post ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses stressors related to diasters, and the implicaitons for mental health counseling.

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