Select one man-made or natural disaster and one crisis or other trauma-causing event to use for the application.
Briefly describe the two examples you selected.
Briefly explain the major mental health effects of disasters, crises, and/or trauma-causing events on people (survivors and care providers). Use examples to be specific, and be sure to include generalizations that apply across disasters, crises, and other trauma-causing events.
Analyze the counselor's role in responding to people (survivors and care providers) affected by disasters, crises, and/or trauma-causing events. Again, use your examples to be specific, and be sure to include generalizations that apply across disasters, crises, and other trauma-causing events.
Briefly describe the experience of vicarious trauma and/or secondary traumatic stress, and explain what strategies counselors might use to minimize and/or address them.
Explain major health effects of disasters, crises, and or trauma causing events in people (survivors or caregivers)
In most instances the health effects from natural disasters, and traumatic-causing events are similar. For instance, individuals experiencing trauma from both a natural disaster, and a trauma-causing event may suffer from forms of anxiety, stress from economic loss, and the disruption of normal lives. Studies show that Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is common after a major disaster (Kun, Han, Chen, & Yao, 2009), and during a bereavement process (Kaltman & Bonanno, 2001). These two examples are discussed:
Specifically, bereavement from a violent death was associated with high level of stress and depression. In addition, Kaltman and Bonanno (2001) found that persons who had lost a close relative due to a violent death were significantly more likely to develop Post ...
This solution discusses stressors related to diasters, and the implicaitons for mental health counseling.