Topic: Name and briefly describe at least three of the major theories of personality.
Personality theories can be divided within three categories:
Psychoanalytic - the Freudians and neo-Freudians, who for the most part, attribute significance to unconscious processes.
Behavioristic - focus on careful observation of behavior and environment and their relations. Behaviorists include Hans Eysenck, B. F. Skinner, and Albert Bandura.
Humanistic/Existential - focus on phenomenological methods and believe that the answers are to be found in consciousness or experience.
For the Psychoanalytic category, we will choose theories by Sigmund Freud:
The most important contribution of Freud is his division of the human psyche in three different energies: Id, Ego and Superego. Id is an unconscious mechanism that works on two energy sources. The first is Eros, the sexual life energy. The second is Tanatos, the anger, or death energy. Ego tries to keep these two energy sources in balance. This is why people in general function well in society. On the other hand, when Ego does not work correctly, human behaviour is controlled by Id. This happens when people are asleep. This is why dreams are an important information ...
Name and briefly describe at least three of the major theories of personality.