Synthesize the following personality theories:
A. Sigmund Freud
B. Carl Jung
C. Alfred Adler
D. Karen Horney
Create your own personality theory:
a. What would be the basis and why?
b. How does this theory view human nature?
c. Does it resemble or differ from the above theories?
Freud's personality theory best encapsulates how a person's mind affects one's action. A person has an impractical 'id,' which is the childlike-pleasure-seeking part, an impractical 'superego,' an anti-relativistic sense of moral right and wrong, and the psyche or the 'ego,' which moderates the id and superego and is reflected by our actions. A person's personality depends on how the ego manages the id and superego.
Jung's personality theory is derived from Freud's, since Jung was a protege of Freud. There is an 'ego,' or the conscious mind that thinks and makes decisions. The 'personal unconscious' simply is something that is not presently conscious or on the top of the mind, but can be recalled quite easily. Lastly, the 'collective unconscious' is something that we do not actively think about, but exists in us as a sort of psychic inheritance. It is something we are born with. It is not really comparable to anything Freud proposed.
Adler's personality theory expostulates that a single motivating force, or drive, works to make all of our behaviors happen. People behave because of a drive. On a basic level, individuals need compensation, or the drive to overcome obstacles. A person learns to drive because he or she wants to overcome the difficulty of relying on others for transportation, ergo there is a compensation that motivates an individual to want to learn to drive. Aggression drive is used to describe why individuals behave when physiological needs are frustrated. Lastly, individuals have the "striving for ...
This job explicates personality theories.