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Treatment for Substance Abuse in Adolescents

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- Population (adolescents)
- Clinical area of concern (substance abuse among adolescents)
- Clinical intervention proposed (unknown)
- Quantitative research question OR qualitative research question (unknown)

Please provide APA citation for at least four scholarly resources (this may be a combination of book sources and at least 2 peer-reviewed journal articles) associated with the following areas:

The population selected and the impact of the clinical area of concern on that population (e.g., Hispanic males struggling with PTSD).
The clinical intervention, including its key principles and ideas. For example, if you are proposing a clinical intervention using Reality Therapy, briefly describe the five basic needs. For a Narrative Therapy intervention, briefly describe the basic framework of the theory: externalizing questions; transforming the effect a problem has on one's life; and creating new life stories.
-The proposed sampling procedure.
-The proposed recruitment procedure.
-The proposed data collection strategy for the quantitative and qualitative components (usually a test/measure or some other way of measuring data for quantitative; and usually a recording of interviews or the use of a tool such as journaling for qualitative aspects).
-The proposed data analysis strategy for your quantitative OR qualitative design. --The data analysis strategy for a quantitative study needs to include both descriptive and inferential statistical procedures. The data analysis strategy for a qualitative study needs to be consistent with the type of qualitative method chosen.

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(A) Population (Adolescents)
(B) -Clinical area of concern (substance abuse among adolescents).
(C) -Clinical intervention proposed. (CBT Therapy)

NOTE: A literature review is a backdrop to the study that you are proposing. It is difficult, however, to find a study that has all the questions you seek without any other reference to go on regarding your topic (I did get a little confused regarding the PTSD syndrome). Most quantitative studies conducted on adolescent drinking are from epidemiological studies or the Center for Disease Control (CDC). or the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration SAMHSA, and the data is mostly informative, and not based on an empirical studies (i.e. with data collection and analysis procedures). Therefore, I tried to send you information in studies that you could more easily follow. However, I'll try this again, and apologize for your confusion.

If you having problem interpreting the quantitative analysis, perhaps you should conduct the qualitative assessment. In the Qualitative example that I provided, they utilized a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy group session, and analyzed the data using themes and interaction (e.g. 0bservations). You could also use interviews and focus group discussions, of both together.

I hope this adds clarity to the post. Thanks

(1) Population (Adolescent
(2) Clinical area of concern (substance abuse among adolescents).


Adolescents who abuse substances are more likely to engage in health-risking sexual behavior (HRSB) and are at particularly high risk for HIV/AIDS. Thus, substance abuse treatment presents a prime opportunity to target HIV-risk behaviors. A study was conducted to evaluate a one-session HIV-risk intervention embedded in a controlled clinical trial for drug-abusing adolescents. The trial was conducted in New Mexico and Oregon with Hispanic and Anglo adolescents.

Youths were randomly assigned to individual cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or to an integrated behavioral and family therapy (IBFT) condition, involving individual and family sessions. The HIV-specific intervention was not associated with change. IBFT and CBT were both efficacious in reducing HIV-risk behaviors from intake to the 18-month follow-up for high-risk adolescents. For low-risk adolescents, CBT (versus IBFT) was more efficacious in suppressing HRSB. These data suggest that drug abuse treatments can have both preventative and intervention effects for adolescents, depending on their relative HIV-risk .

(4) Clinical intervention proposed. CBT

Research shows that in recent years, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) models tailored specifically for adolescent substance users have gained significant empirical support. Based on the cognitive-behavioral model, adolescents reported to use substances as a maladaptive way of coping with environmental circumstances or getting needs met (MacKay et al., 1991). Adolescence is a period of increasing autonomy and self-regulatory demands that is often accompanied by risky behavior and poor decisions that can have lifelong negative consequences (Prencipe, A. Kesek, A., Cohen, J., Lamm, C., Lewis, M. D., Zelazo, P. D. (2011). According to Prencipe et al, risks taken by teen such as intoxicated driving, experimenting with drugs and alcohol and unprotected sex.

HIV infection rates are especially high for ethnic minorities. Hispanics have the second highest rate of AIDS and Hispanic adolescents account for 18% of those diagnosed with AIDS. Hispanic youth also report higher use of drugs compared to non-Hispanic whites or Anglos increasing the likelihood of problematic sexual behavior. Early sexual initiation, multiple partners and lower condom use have all been shown to be more problematic for Hispanic youth than non-Hispanic whites [, all of which are significant predictors of STDs and HIV. Yet, with some exception, there has been a paucity of well-designed interventions to reduce HRSB among Hispanic youth.

The goal of CBT therapy is to help adolescents replace their drinking or drug use with less risky behavior by recognizing antecedents of their use, avoiding those circumstances if possible, and coping more effectively with problems that lead to increased use. For instance, Two types of interventions were conducted for drug abuse, an individual CBT, and an integrated model that combined aspects of both family therapy and individual CBT sessions (e.g., coping with urges and cravings, substance refusal skills) were included in the course of IBFT. Prior research has ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses treatment approaches for adolescent substance abusers.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Substance Abuse and Adolescents

I need some assistance in understanding quantitative and qualitative studies:
-Develop a research question for your chosen research method that focuses on the impact and/or influence of the clinical treatment. (substance abuse among adolescents)
- To develop a quantitative or qualitative research question can you complete the following

OPTION 1: Develop a quantitative research question associated with an experimental (or quasi experimental) design. For example: "What is the effect of Reality Therapy on symptoms of opposition and defiance associated with oppositional defiant disorder in adolescent males?"


OPTION 2: Develop a qualitative research question associated with a qualitative methodology, such as grounded theory or phenomenology. The following is an example of a question for the qualitative component of your research proposal: "What is the experience of reality therapy for adolescents with symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder?"

FOR EITHER OPTION: Support your question with a rationale for why it is an important area of investigation, citing at least one scholarly source.

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